US v. Jobard Shaw

Filing 920090910

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UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT No. 08-4642 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. JOBARD MARK SHAW, a/k/a Boo, Defendant - Appellant. Appeal from the United States District Court for the Southern District of West Virginia, at Beckley. Thomas E. Johnston, District Judge. (5:07-cr-00086-1) Submitted: August 28, 2009 Decided: September 10, 2009 Before MICHAEL, KING, and GREGORY, Circuit Judges. Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion. David O. Schles, LAW OFFICE OF DAVID SCHLES, Charleston, West Virginia, for Appellant. Charles T. Miller, United States Attorney, Miller Bushong, Assistant United States Attorney, Beckley, West Virginia, for Appellee. Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit. PER CURIAM: Following a jury trial, Jobard Mark Shaw was convicted on two counts of distribution of cocaine base ("crack") and one count of possession with intent to distribute five grams or more of crack, all in violation of 21 U.S.C. 841(a)(1) (2006). district court sentenced Shaw to 120 months in prison. appeals. The district court adopted the magistrate judge's Shaw The Shaw recommendation to deny Shaw's motion to suppress evidence. asserts on appeal that the district court erred by denying his motion to suppress. We first note that, by failing to object to the magistrate judge's report and recommendation, Shaw waived appellate review of this issue. F.3d 616, 621-22 (4th Cir. United States v. Midgette, 478 2007). In any event, Shaw's challenge to the motion to suppress is meritless. Shaw asserts that the district court erred in denying his motion to suppress, citing State v. Mullens, 650 S.E.2d 169, 190 (W. Va. 2007), which held that the West Virginia State Constitution prohibits the police from sending an informant into the home of another person to surreptitiously use an electronic surveillance device without a warrant. However, whether or not a seizure violates state law is irrelevant to the determination of a motion to suppress in federal court. United States v. Van Moreover, federal Metre, 150 F.3d 339, 347 (4th Cir. 1998). 2 statutory and constitutional law permits officials to place an electronic surveillance device on a consenting informant for the purpose of recording communications with a third-party suspect, even in the see absence also of a warrant. v. 18 White, U.S.C. 401 U.S. 2511(2)(c) 745, 749 (2006); United States (1971) (plurality opinion) (holding that no warrant is required when "secret agent" working for the Government purchases narcotics from the accused and records the exchange). Based on the foregoing, we affirm Shaw's convictions. dispense with oral argument because the facts and We legal contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the court and argument would not aid the decisional process. AFFIRMED 3

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