US v. Antedious Stowe

Filing 920100615

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UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT No. 08-4760 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. ANTEDIOUS STOWE, Defendant - Appellant. Appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina, at Charlotte. Robert J. Conrad, Jr., Chief District Judge. (3:07-cr-00108-RJC-1) Submitted: May 19, 2010 Decided: June 15, 2010 Before NIEMEYER and DUNCAN, Circuit Judges, and HAMILTON, Senior Circuit Judge. Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion. Joshua D. Davey, MCGUIREWOODS LLP, Charlotte, North Carolina, for Appellant. Amy E. Ray, OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES ATTORNEY, Asheville, North Carolina, for Appellee. Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit. PER CURIAM: Antedious agreement, cocaine, in to Stowe pled with 21 guilty, intent pursuant to to a plea crack and possession of distribute violation U.S.C. 841(a)(1) (2006), possession of a firearm in furtherance of a drug trafficking crime, in violation of 18 U.S.C. 924(c) (2006). Appellate counsel has filed a brief pursuant to Anders v. California, 386 U.S. 738 (1967), questioning whether the district court erred in refusing to allow Stowe to withdraw his guilty plea, and erred in finding that Stowe qualified as a career offender, but contending there are no meritorious issues on appeal. Stowe has filed a pro se supplemental brief and the Government has elected not to file a brief. * We affirm. We review a district court's denial of a motion to withdraw States v. a guilty plea 215 for F.3d abuse 421, of discretion. (4th Cir. United "A Ubakanma, 424 2000). defendant has no absolute right to withdraw a guilty plea . . . after a district court has accepted the plea." United States v. Bowman, 348 F.3d 408, 413 (4th Cir. 2003) (internal quotation marks * and citation omitted). Once the district court has Though Stowe waived his right to appeal his sentence in the plea agreement, the Government fails to assert the waiver as a bar to the appeal. Accordingly, we consider the issues raised in the Anders brief and conduct an Anders review. See United States v. Poindexter, 492 F.3d 263, 271 (4th Cir. 2007). 2 accepted a defendant's guilty plea, it is within the court's discretion whether to grant a motion to withdraw it. States v. Battle, 499 F.3d 315, 319 (4th Cir. See United The 2007). defendant bears the burden of showing a "fair and just reason" for withdrawing his guilty plea. "[A] `fair and just' reason . Fed. R. Crim. P. 11(d)(2)(B). . . is one that essentially challenges . . . the fairness of the Rule 11 proceeding . . . ." United States v. Lambey, 974 F.2d 1389, 1394 (4th Cir. 1992). After reviewing the record, we find that Stowe did not expressly move to withdraw his guilty plea. without merit. Stowe's counsel next challenges the district court's determination that Stowe qualified as a career offender. review such questions for abuse of discretion. See Gall We v. Therefore, this issue is United States, 552 U.S. 38, 51 (2007). Under USSG 4B1.1(a), A defendant is a career offender if (1) the defendant was at least eighteen years old at the time the defendant committed the instant offense of conviction; (2) the instant offense of conviction is a felony that is either a crime of violence or a controlled substance offense; and (3) the defendant has at least two prior felony convictions of either a crime of violence or a controlled substance offense. For purposes of 4B1.1(a), a crime of violence is defined as an offense under federal or state law punishable by an imprisonment term of one year or more that: "(1) has as an element the use, attempted use or threatened use of physical force against the 3 person of another, involves or use a (2) of is burglary or of a dwelling or extortion, conduct explosives otherwise risk of involves physical that presents serious potential injury to another." offense is defined USSG 4B1.2(a). as a federal or A controlled substance state offense that is punishable by an imprisonment term of one year or more "that prohibits the manufacture, import, export, distribution, or dispensing of a controlled substance . . . or the possession of a controlled substance . . . with intent to manufacture, import, export, distribute, or dispense." USSG 4B1.2(b). After reviewing the record, we find that the district court correctly classified Stowe as a career offender. We have reviewed the issues raised in Stowe's pro se supplemental brief and find them to be without merit. In accordance with Anders, we have reviewed the entire record and have not found any meritorious issues for appeal. we affirm the district court's judgment. counsel petition review. counsel to inform his client, of in the Accordingly, This court requires of his right to writing, United the Supreme Court States for further If the client requests that a petition be filed, but believes that such a petition would be frivolous, counsel may move in this court to withdraw from representation. Counsel's motion must state that a copy of the motion was served on the client. We dispense with oral argument because the facts 4 and legal contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the court and argument would not aid the decisional process. AFFIRMED 5

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