US v. Darryl Luster
UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. DARRYL T. LUSTER, a/k/a Darryl Tyrone Luster, Defendant - Appellant.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, at Richmond. Richard L. Williams, Senior District Judge. (3:08-cr-00085-RLW-1)
March 26, 2009
May 4, 2009
Before NIEMEYER, KING, and DUNCAN, Circuit Judges.
Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Michael S. Nachmanoff, Federal Public Defender, Frances H. Pratt, Valencia Roberts-Brower, Assistant Federal Public Defenders, Richmond, Virginia, for Appellant. Dana J. Boente, Acting United States Attorney, John D. Adams, Assistant United States Attorney, Richmond, Virginia, for Appellee.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
PER CURIAM: Darryl firearm by a T. Luster pled guilty in to possession of to 18 of a
district court's denial of his motion to suppress evidence found in a search of a rental car Luster was driving. Luster argues
on appeal that he had a reasonable expectation of privacy in the rental car because his wife was the authorized user and gave him permission to drive it. Luster also contends that the district
court erred in finding the police officer properly conducted the search pursuant to the impoundment and inventory exception to the Fourth Amendment's warrant requirement. Finding no
reversible error, we affirm. We review legal conclusions underlying the denial of a motion to suppress de novo, and review factual findings for
clear error. Cir. 2006). to
United States v. Moreland, 437 F.3d 424, 429 (4th The the evidence government, is as construed the in the light party most
United States v. Seidman, 156 F.3d 542, 547 (4th Cir. 1998). A search can violate an individual's Fourth Amendment rights only when the individual has "a legitimate expectation of privacy" in the place searched. United States v. Wellons, 32
F.3d 117, 119 (4th Cir. 1994) (citing Rakas v. Illinois, 439 U.S. 128, 143 (1978)). An expectation of privacy is legitimate 2
if the individual has a subjective expectation of privacy in the area searched, and that subjective expectation of privacy is objectively reasonable based on "concepts of real or personal property law" or "understandings that are recognized and
permitted by society." An
Rakas, 439 U.S. at 143 n.12. driver of a rented car has "no
legitimate privacy interest in the car" and, therefore, a search of the car "cannot have violated his Fourth Amendment rights." Wellons, 32 F.3d at 119. This conclusion is not altered where
the authorized lessee allows the unauthorized driver to drive the rental vehicle, as an unauthorized driver still does not have permission of the rental company, the owner of the vehicle. Id. at 119 n.2. This principle is of particular applicability
here as Luster did not possess a valid driver's license, and thus could not have have reasonably authorized believed him to that the the rental vehicle,
regardless of his wife's consent.
Therefore, the district court
correctly concluded that as an unauthorized driver, Luster did not have a legitimate privacy interest in the car and thus the search of the car did not violate his Fourth Amendment rights. Alternatively, Luster urges this court to reconsider Wellons. A review of the applicable case law reveals no
persuasive reason to overturn or alter the Wellons holding in this instance. See United States v. Ruhe, 191 F.3d 376, 388 3
(4th Cir. 1999) (stating that a panel of this court is "bound by prior precedent from other panels in this circuit absent
contrary law from an en banc or Supreme Court decision"). Because Luster had no legitimate expectation of
privacy in the rental vehicle, we do not reach Luster's second argument regarding the propriety of the inventory search. We legal
Accordingly, we affirm Luster's conviction and sentence. dispense with oral argument because the facts and
contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the court and argument would not aid the decisional process.
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?