US v. Ben Vazquez-Escalara

Filing 920090108


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UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT No. 08-4803 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. BEN VAZQUEZ-ESCALARA, a/k/a Bruce, Defendant - Appellant. Appeal from the United States District Court for the Northern District of West Virginia, at Martinsburg. John Preston Bailey, Chief District Judge. (3:07-cr-00041-JPB-JES-4) Submitted: December 23, 2008 Decided: January 8, 2009 Before WILKINSON and Senior Circuit Judge. MICHAEL, Circuit Judges, and HAMILTON, Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion. Brendan S. Leary, Assistant Federal Public Defender, Wheeling, West Virginia, for Appellant. Thomas Oliver Mucklow, Assistant United States Attorney, Martinsburg, West Virginia, for Appellee. Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit. PER CURIAM: Ben Vazquez-Escalara pled guilty to aiding and abetting the possession with intent to distribute approximately fifty-eight grams of crack cocaine, in violation of 21 U.S.C. 841(a)(1) (2006), and 18 U.S.C. 2 (2006). The district court sentenced him to a 120-month term of imprisonment, the statutory mandatory minimum sentence. On appeal, counsel has filed an Anders 1 brief, stating that there are no meritorious issues for appeal but questioning whether the district court committed plea. plain error in accepting Vazquez-Escalara's guilty The Government has moved to dismiss the appeal based upon waiver of appellate rights. We deny the Vazquez-Escalara's motion to dismiss and affirm. A waiver is defendant knowing and may waive the right United to appeal v. if that intelligent. States Amaya- Portillo, 423 F.3d 427, 430 (4th Cir. 2005). Generally, if the district court fully questions a defendant regarding the waiver of his right to appeal during the Fed. R. Crim. P. 11 colloquy, the waiver is both valid and enforceable. United States v. Johnson, 410 F.3d 137, 151 (4th Cir. 2005); United States v. Wessells, 936 F.2d 165, 167-68 (4th Cir. 1991). The question of whether a defendant validly waived his right to appeal is a 1 Anders v. California, 386 U.S. 738 (1967). 2 question of law that we review de novo. 408 F.3d 162, 168 (4th Cir. 2005). United States v. Blick, Our review of the record leads us to conclude that Vazquez-Escalara knowingly and voluntarily waived the right to appeal his sentence. 2 Although the waiver provision in the plea agreement precludes our review of the sentence, the waiver does not preclude our review may be of any errors by in Vazquez-Escalara's pursuant to conviction Anders. that revealed our review Our review of the transcript of the plea colloquy leads us to conclude that the district court fully complied with the mandates of Rule 11 in accepting Vazquez-Escalara's guilty plea. The district court ensured that the plea was entered knowingly and voluntarily and was supported by an independent factual basis. (4th See United States v. DeFusco, 949 F.2d 114, 116, 119-20 1991). Thus, we deny the Government's motion to Cir. dismiss and affirm the conviction. In accordance with Anders, we have reviewed the entire record in this case and have found no meritorious issues not covered by the waiver. conviction. We therefore affirm Vazquez-Escalara's This court requires that counsel inform his client, in writing, of the right to petition the Supreme Court of the Vazquez-Escalara, however, does not appeal any aspect of his sentence. 2 3 United States for further review. If the client requests that a petition be filed, but counsel believes that such a petition would be frivolous, then counsel may move in this court for leave to withdraw from representation. Counsel's motion must We dispense state that a copy thereof was served on the client. with oral argument because the facts and legal contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the court and argument would not aid the decisional process. AFFIRMED 4

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