US v. Al Bellamy
UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. AL ANTONIO BELLAMY, Defendant - Appellant.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina, at Statesville. Richard L. Voorhees, District Judge. (5:05-cr-00009-RLV-DCK-9)
November 30, 2009
December 15, 2009
Before WILKINSON, NIEMEYER, and MICHAEL, Circuit Judges.
Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Richard E. Beam, Jr., HUBBARD & BEAM, Gastonia, North Carolina, for Appellant. Edward R. Ryan, Acting United States Attorney, Charlotte, North Carolina; Amy E. Ray, Assistant United States Attorney, Asheville, North Carolina, for Appellee.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
PER CURIAM: Al Antonio Bellamy pled guilty, without a plea
agreement, to conspiracy to possess with intent to distribute more than fifty grams of crack cocaine, more than five kilograms of cocaine, of and 21 more than 1000 kilograms of marijuana, district in
sentenced him to a 405-month term of imprisonment, a one-level upward variance from the advisory guidelines range. On appeal,
Bellamy asserts that the district court's application of the murder cross-reference violated his Sixth Amendment rights and that the court abused its discretion in varying from the
Finding no reversible error, we affirm.
Bellamy first asserts that application of the murder cross-reference violated his Sixth Amendment rights because the facts were neither submitted to a jury nor admitted by him. concedes, however, that judicial fact-finding is permitted. agree. Cir. He We
See United States v. Benkahla, 530 F.3d 300, 312 (4th ("Sentencing a judges range may by find a facts relevant of to the
evidence, so long as that [g]uidelines sentence is treated as advisory and falls within the statutory maximum authorized by the jury's the verdict."), 405-month of cert. denied, 129 S. Ct. 950 (2009).
§ 841(b)(1)(A) (West Supp. 2009), the district court's finding, by a preponderance of the evidence, that Bellamy committed
first-degree murder in a reign of terror related to his drug activities did not violate the Sixth Amendment. To the extent
that Bellamy urges us to revisit this issue, "a panel of this court cannot overrule, explicitly or implicitly, the precedent set by a prior panel of this court. Only the Supreme Court or Scotts Co. v. United
this court sitting en banc can do that."
Indus. Corp., 315 F.3d 264, 271-72 n.2 (4th Cir. 2002) (internal quotation marks and citation omitted). Bellamy also contends that the district court abused its discretion in varying upward one offense level from the
advisory guidelines range.
He asserts that the reasons stated
by the district court to support the variance already were taken into account in the application of the murder cross-reference. We review a sentence for reasonableness under an abuse of
Gall v. United States, 552 U.S. 38, 51
(2007); see United States v. Abu Ali, 528 F.3d 210, 261 (4th Cir. 2008), cert. denied, 129 S. Ct. 1312 (2009). In sentence, we reviewing "tak[e] the substantive account reasonableness the totality of of the the
circumstances, including the extent of any variance from the [g]uidelines range." United States v. Pauley, 511 F.3d 468, 473
(4th Cir. 2007) (internal quotation marks and citation omitted). 3
Where a sentence is outside the advisory guidelines range, the appellate court must "consider the extent of the deviation, but must give due deference to the district court's decision that the § 3553(a) factors, on a whole, justify the extent of the variance." Gall, 552 U.S. at 51. "`[A] major departure should
be supported by a more significant justification than a minor one[,]' [b]ut a district court need not justify a sentence
outside the [g]uidelines range with a finding of `extraordinary' circumstances." United States v. Evans, 526 F.3d 155, 161 (4th With these court's and
Cir. 2008) (quoting Gall, 552 U.S. at 47, 50). standards explanation in mind, we have the reviewed one-level the
conclude that the court did not abuse its discretion in light of the multiple murders and shootings committed by Bellamy. Accordingly, we affirm the district court's judgment. We dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal
contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the court and argument would not aid the decisional process.
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