US v. Antonio Cameron
UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. ANTONIO CAMERON, Defendant - Appellant.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina, at Raleigh. Terrence W. Boyle, District Judge. (5:07-cr-00331-BO-1)
July 7, 2009
August 12, 2009
Before MICHAEL, MOTZ, AND SHEDD, Circuit Judges.
Affirmed in part, vacated in part, and remanded by unpublished per curiam opinion.
J. Michael McGuinness, THE MCGUINNESS LAW FIRM, Elizabethtown, North Carolina, for Appellant. George E.B. Holding, United States Attorney, Ann M. Hayes, Jennifer P. May-Parker, Assistant United States Attorneys, Raleigh, North Carolina, for Appellee.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
PER CURIAM: Antonio Cameron timely appeals from the 144-month
sentence imposed after his guilty plea pursuant to a written plea agreement, to one count of possession of fifteen or more counterfeit and unauthorized access devices, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(3) (2006) (Count 1), and one count of
aggravated identity theft, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1028A (2006) (Count 2). On appeal, Cameron argues that: (1) he was
prejudiced by the district court's failure to give notice of its intent to sentence him above the advisory Guidelines range;
(2) his sentence is unreasonable; and (3) his case should be reassigned to another district court judge on remand. We affirm
Cameron's conviction, but vacate his sentence and remand for resentencing.
I. Cameron first asserts that the district court erred by failing to give him pre-hearing notice, pursuant to Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 32(h), that it was considering an upward variance. Rule 32(h) requires the sentencing court to give the
parties "reasonable notice" that it is considering a departure from the applicable Guidelines range "on a ground not identified for departure either in the presentence report or in a party's prehearing submission." Fed. R. Crim. P. 32(h). 2 Cameron relies
our decision in United States v. Fancher, 513 F.3d 424, 430 (4th Cir. 2008) for the proposition that Rule 32(h) applies to
However, after Fancher, the Supreme Court considered
the same issue, concluding that Rule 32(h) does not apply to variances. (2008). to give Irizarry v. United States, 128 S. Ct. 2198, 2202
Accordingly, the district court did not err by failing Cameron notice that it was considering an upward
variance. Cameron also asserts that the lack of notice violated his right to due process. However, the Irizarry Court unambiguously
concluded that "[t]he due process concerns that motivated the Court to require notice in a world of mandatory Guidelines no longer provide a basis" to extend Rule 32(h) to variance Thus,
sentences, since the Guidelines are now advisory. Cameron's due process argument fails.
II. Most reasonableness of of Cameron's his remaining arguments Consistent question with the
States v. Booker, 543 U.S. 220 (2005), the district court is required to follow a multi-step process at sentencing. First,
it must calculate the proper sentencing range prescribed by the Guidelines. Gall v. United States, 552 U.S. 38, __, 128 S. Ct.
586, 596 (2007); see also United States v. Abu Ali, 528 F.3d 3
210, 260 (4th Cir. 2008). light of the parties'
It must then consider that range in arguments regarding the appropriate
sentence and the factors set out in 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a) (2006), before imposing its sentence. Abu Ali, 528 F.3d at 260. a sentence outside the Gall, 128 S. Ct. at 596; see also
If the district court determines that Guidelines is appropriate, the court
"should first look to whether a departure is appropriate based on the Guidelines Manual or relevant case law." v. Moreland, 437 F.3d 424, 432 (4th Cir. 2006). court determines that a departure Id. is United States If the district it may
impose a variance sentence.
We review the district court's Gall, 128 S. Ct. at 591.
sentence for abuse of discretion.
When reviewing the district court's sentence, we must first ensure the district court did not commit any "significant procedural error," such as failing to consider the 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a) factors or "failing to adequately explain the chosen sentence including an explanation for any deviation from the Guidelines range." required to Id. at 597. tick The district court is not through § 3553(a)'s every
subsection." Cir. 2006). record an
United States v. Johnson, 445 F.3d 339, 345 (4th However, the district court must "place on the
facts of the case before it. need not be elaborate or
This individualized assessment but it must provide a
rationale tailored to the particular case at hand and adequate to permit meaningful appellate review." United States v.
Carter, 564 F.3d 325, 330 (4th Cir. 2009) (internal quotation marks, footnote, and citations omitted). Further, in imposing a
variance sentence, the district court "must consider the extent of the deviation and ensure that the justification is
significantly compelling to support the degree of the variance. . . . [I]t [is] uncontroversial that a major departure should be supported by a more significant justification than a minor one." Gall, 128 S. Ct. at 597. When imposing Cameron's sentence, the district court failed to provide a sufficient, individualized assessment of the § 3553(a) factors as required by Carter. Given the extent of
the upward variance, we find that the district court's brief explanation variance. does not adequately explain the reasons for the
See Carter, 564 F.3d at 328-29.
conclude that the district court committed procedural error and thus abused its discretion when imposing sentence. * vacate Cameron's sentence and remand for resentencing. We thus
Because we find that Cameron's sentence is procedurally unreasonable, we need not consider whether his sentence is substantively unreasonable. See Gall, 552 U.S. at __, 128 S. Ct. at 597.
III. Cameron requests that his case be assigned to a
different judge on remand. depends on: (1)
The propriety of reassigning a case
whether the original judge would reasonably be expected upon remand to have substantial difficulty in putting out of his or her mind previously expressed views or findings determined to be erroneous or based on evidence that must be rejected,
(2) whether reassignment is advisable to preserve the appearance of justice, and (3) whether reassignment would entail waste and duplication out of proportion to any gain in preserving the appearance of fairness.
United States v. Guglielmi, 929 F.2d 1001, 1007 (4th Cir. 1991) (internal citation omitted), superseded on other grounds by
statute, United States v. Pridigen, 64 F.3d 147, 150 n.3 (4th Cir. 1995). Counsel has conceded that he is not sure Cameron's Having considered is unnecessary to
request meets the requirements of Guglielmi. the Guglielmi factors, we find that it
reassign this case to a different judge. For convictions, resentencing. the but foregoing vacate reasons, his we affirm and Cameron's for
We dispense with oral argument because the facts
and legal conclusions are adequately presented in the materials before the court and argument would not aid the decisional
AFFIRMED IN PART, VACATED IN PART, AND REMANDED
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