US v. Vincent Mayers


UNPUBLISHED PER CURIAM OPINION filed. Originating case number: 3:05-cr-00038-FDW-1 Copies to all parties and the district court/agency. [998445251] [08-5137]

Download PDF
US v. Vincent Mayers Doc. 0 Case: 08-5137 Document: 31 Date Filed: 10/14/2010 Page: 1 UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT No. 08-5137 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff Appellee, v. VINCENT ANTHONY MAYERS, Defendant Appellant. Appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina, at Charlotte. Frank D. Whitney, District Judge. (3:05-cr-00038-FDW-1) Submitted: September 28, 2010 Decided: October 14, 2010 Before NIEMEYER and KING, Circuit Judges, and HAMILTON, Senior Circuit Judge. Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion. Claire J. Rauscher, Executive Director, Ann L. Hester, Cecilia Oseguera, FEDERAL DEFENDERS OF WESTERN NORTH CAROLINA, INC., Charlotte, North Carolina, for Appellant. Gretchen C. F. Shappert, United States Attorney, Charlotte, North Carolina, Amy E. Ray, Assistant United States Attorney, Asheville, North Carolina, for Appellee. Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit. Case: 08-5137 Document: 31 Date Filed: 10/14/2010 Page: 2 PER CURIAM: Vincent Anthony Mayers pled guilty without a plea agreement to one count of possession of a firearm by a convicted felon and one count of possession of ammunition by a convicted felon, both in violation of 18 U.S.C. 922(g)(1) (2006). The district court sentenced Mayers to two concurrent terms of 68 months' imprisonment. On appeal, Mayers challenges his sentence, arguing that the district court erred in applying a four-level enhancement to his base offense level for possession of a firearm under U.S. Sentencing Guidelines Manual ("USSG") 2K2.1(b)(6) (2007). We affirm. We review Mayers's sentence for reasonableness under a "deferential abuse-of-discretion standard." Gall v. United States, 552 U.S. 38, 41, 51 (2007). In conducting this review, we must ensure that the district court correctly calculated the Guidelines range. Id. at 49, 51. When reviewing the district court's application of the Guidelines, we review findings of fact for clear error and questions of law de novo. United A States v. Sosa-Carabantes, 561 F.3d 256, 259 (4th Cir. 2009). district court's determination that there are sufficient facts to impose a USSG 2K2.1(b)(6) enhancement is a factual finding. See United States v. Garnett, 243 F.3d 824, 828 (4th Cir. 2001) (stating that the Government has the burden of proving facts to support a USSG 2K2.1(b)(5) enhancement by a preponderance of 2 Case: 08-5137 Document: 31 Date Filed: 10/14/2010 Page: 3 the evidence and that the district court's finding that sufficient facts exist to support the enhancement is reviewed for clear error). Under the clear error standard of review, this court will reverse only if it is "left with the definite and firm conviction that a mistake has been committed." United States v. Stevenson, 396 F.3d 538, 542 (4th Cir. 2005) (internal quotation marks omitted). Section 2K2.1(b)(6) of the Sentencing Guidelines provides for a four-level enhancement if the defendant "used or possessed any firearm or ammunition in connection with another felony offense." USSG 2K2.1(b)(6). This finding encompasses two requirements: that the defendant committed "another felony" and that he used or possessed the firearm "in connection with" the other felony. (4th Cir. 2003). * subsection (b)(6), United States v. Blount, 337 F.3d 404, 410-11 "`Another felony offense', for purposes of means by any federal, for state, a term or local offense . . . punishable imprisonment exceeding one year, regardless of whether a criminal charge was brought, or a conviction obtained." Here, the USSG 2K2.1, cmt. n.14(C). court applied the USSG district 2K2.1(b)(6) enhancement based on its conclusion that Mayers possessed a firearm in connection with the offense of assault * Mayers does not contest the "in connection with" element. 3 Case: 08-5137 Document: 31 Date Filed: 10/14/2010 Page: 4 with a deadly weapon with intent to kill, a felony under North Carolina law. The elements of the crime of assault with a deadly weapon with intent to kill are: "(1) an assault; (2) with a deadly weapon; (3) with the intent to kill." State v. Garris, 663 S.E.2d 340, 349 (N.C. Ct. App. 2008) (internal quotation marks omitted); see N.C. Gen. Stat. 14-32(c) (2009) ("Any person who assaults another person with a deadly weapon with intent to kill shall be punished as a Class E felon."). Although Mayers argues that the evidence is insufficient to show that he committed an assault with a deadly weapon with the intent to kill, we conclude that the presentence report's ("PSR") uncontroverted description of the offense According conduct amply supports the district court's finding. to the PSR, in the course of beating his girlfriend, Mayers knocked her to the ground, pulled a firearm out of his waistband, cocked it, placed it at her temple and warned her to "handle" the situation or things would "get nasty." this conduct constitutes assault with a We conclude weapon. deadly See State v. O'Briant, 258 S.E.2d 839, 841-42 (N.C. Ct. App. 1979). Further, in view of this violent attack and Mayers's history of assault against the same victim, the district court could infer his intent 150 to kill. 1972); See State State v. v. Thacker, 297 189 S.E.2d 145, (N.C. Musselwhite, S.E.2d 181, 184 (N.C. Ct. App. 1982). 4 Case: 08-5137 Document: 31 Date Filed: 10/14/2010 Page: 5 We therefore conclude that the district court did not clearly err in we imposing affirm oral the the USSG 2K2.1(b)(6) court's the enhancement. We legal Accordingly, dispense district because judgment. and with argument facts contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the court and argument would not aid the decisional process. AFFIRMED 5

Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.

Why Is My Information Online?