US v. Lenny Cain
UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff Appellee, v. LENNY LYLE CAIN, Defendant Appellant.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the District of Maryland, at Baltimore. Richard D. Bennett, District Judge. (1:06-cr-00551-RDB-3)
December 1, 2009
December 14, 2009
Before TRAXLER, Chief Judge, and MOTZ and AGEE, Circuit Judges.
Dismissed in part, affirmed in part, vacated remanded by unpublished per curiam opinion.
William Francis Xavier Becker, Rockville, Maryland, for Appellant. Rod J. Rosenstein, United States Attorney, Christopher J. Romano, Assistant United States Attorney, Baltimore, Maryland, for Appellee.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
PER CURIAM: Lenny Lyle Cain appeals his conviction for aggravated identity theft in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1028A(a)(1) (2006), and his sentence after pleading guilty to possessing false
identification documents, aggravated identity theft, possessing a seal of the Social Security Administration knowing it was
falsely made, and using the Social Security number of another person. On appeal, he contends that the district court erred in
finding there was a sufficient factual basis for his aggravated identity theft conviction in light of Flores-Figueroa v. United States, 129 S. Ct. 1886 (2009), and in calculating his guideline range on the other counts. Specifically, Cain argues that the
district court erred in not granting his request for a downward departure under U.S. Sentencing Guidelines Manual § 4A1.3(b)(1) (2007). The Government concedes there is no evidence in the
record showing Cain's knowledge that the means of identification involved in his aggravated identity theft conviction belonged to another person as required under § 1028A(a)(1), but contends his sentence on the other counts was both proper and reasonable. Before entering judgment on a guilty plea, a district court must determine that there is a factual basis for the plea. Fed. R. Crim. P. 11(b)(3). The rule is designed to protect a
defendant who is in the position of pleading voluntarily with an understanding of the nature of the charge but without realizing 2
United States v. Mastrapa, 509 F.3d 652, 660 (4th Cir. 2007) (citations omitted). raise on direct "It is `well settled that a defendant may the failure of a district court to
develop on the record a factual basis for a plea.'"
States v. Ketchum, 550 F.3d 363, 366 (4th Cir. 2008) (quoting United 1997)). States v. Mitchell, 104 F.3d 649, 652 n.2 (4th Cir.
We review the district court's determination for abuse
of discretion, and we will not find an abuse of discretion so long as the district court could reasonably have determined that there was a sufficient factual basis based on the record before it. Mastrapa, 509 F.3d at 660 (citations omitted). Since Cain
did not challenge the Rule 11 proceedings in the district court, we review his challenge now for plain error. Id. at 657.
Because we conclude that the record contains no factual basis showing Cain's knowledge that the means of identification
involved in his aggravated identity theft conviction belonged to another person as required under § 1028A(a)(1), we vacate the conviction and sentence for that conviction. Cain also contends that the district court erred in calculating his advisory guideline range on the other counts. We review a sentence under a deferential abuse-of-discretion
See Gall v. United States, 552 U.S. 38, 51 (2007).
The first step in this review requires us to ensure that the 3
district court committed no significant procedural error, such as improperly calculating the guideline range. United States v.
Osborne, 514 F.3d 377, 387 (4th Cir.), cert. denied, 128 S. Ct. 2525 (2008). In assessing a sentencing court's application of
the guidelines, we review its legal conclusions de novo and its factual findings for clear error. F.3d 522, 527 (4th Cir. 2006). United States v. Allen, 446
We then consider the substantive
reasonableness of the sentence, taking into account the totality of the circumstances. Gall, 552 U.S. at 51.
On appeal, Cain notes the objections he made in the district granting court his and contends for a the district court erred in not USSG
§ 4A1.3(b)(1). district
We dismiss this part of Cain's appeal because a decision not to on depart appeal from the sentencing the court See To
mistakenly believed that it lacked authority to depart. United States v. Allen, 491 F.3d 178, 193 (4th Cir. 2007).
the extent that Cain otherwise challenges the district court's calculation of his advisory guideline range and sentence, we find no error or abuse of discretion by the district court. We therefore vacate Cain's conviction and sentence for aggravated identity theft; dismiss his appeal in part; affirm his other convictions and sentences; and remand to the district court for further proceedings consistent with this opinion. 4 We
grant Cain's motion to advance consideration of this appeal. dispense with oral argument because the facts and
contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the court and argument would not aid the decisional process.
DISMISSED IN PART, AFFIRMED IN PART, VACATED IN PART, AND REMANDED
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