US v. Richard Powell
UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. RICHARD EUGENE BOWLING POWELL, Defendant - Appellant.
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. TRACEY SCOTT RICH, Defendant - Appellant.
Appeals from the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina, at Florence. R. Bryan Harwell, District Judge. (4:08-cr-00057-RBH-1; 4:08-cr-00057-RBH-2)
October 8, 2009
October 23, 2009
Before WILKINSON, KING, and AGEE, Circuit Judges.
Affirmed in part; dismissed in part by unpublished per curiam opinion.
William F. Nettles, IV, Assistant Federal Public Defender, Florence, South Carolina; Beattie Balentine Ashmore, Greenville, South Carolina, for Appellants. Rose Mary Sheppard Parham, Assistant United States Attorney, Florence, South Carolina, for Appellee.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
PER CURIAM: Pursuant Powell and Tracey to plea agreements, Rich pled Richard to Eugene one Bowling of
interference with commerce by robbery, in violation of 18 U.S.C. §§ 1951(a), 2 (2006), and one count of using, carrying, and possessing firearms during, in relation to, and in furtherance of, a crime of violence, in violation of 18 U.S.C. §§ 924(c), 2 (2006). The plea agreements included stipulated sentences of years for Powell and fifteen years for Rich, in
accordance with Fed. R. Crim. P. 11(c)(1)(C), in exchange for the Government dismissing the remaining counts in the
The district court accepted the plea agreements
and, therefore, was bound to sentence Powell to 300 months and Rich to 180 months, which it did. On accordance appeal, counsel v. have filed 386 a joint U.S. brief in
stating that, in their view, there are no meritorious issues for appeal. Counsel question, however, whether the district court
fully complied with Rule 11 of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure in accepting the guilty pleas and whether the
sentences are reasonable.
Powell and Rich were advised of their
right to file a pro se supplemental brief, but they have not filed a brief. The Government declined to file a brief.
Because neither Powell nor Rich moved in the district court to withdraw his guilty plea, any error in the Rule 11 hearing is reviewed for plain error. * 277 F.3d 517, 525 (4th Cir. 2002). appellants "must show: United States v. Martinez, To establish plain error,
(1) an error was made; (2) the error is United 2009)
plain; and (3) the error affects substantial rights." States v. Massenburg, 564 F.3d 337, 342-43 (4th Cir.
(reviewing unpreserved Rule 11 error). the error lies within our
"The decision to correct and we exercise that
discretion only if the error seriously affects the fairness, integrity or public reputation of judicial proceedings." 343 (internal quotation marks and citations omitted). Counsel have not identified any error in the Rule 11 hearings, district knowing basis. (4th and court and our review of that the record reveals guilty none. pleas The were Id. at
appellants' by a
See United States v. DeFusco, 949 F.2d 114, 116, 119-20 1991). We therefore affirm Powell's and Rich's
convictions. Next, Powell and Rich challenge the reasonableness of their sentences. jurisdiction
We conclude, however, that we do not have this portion of the appeals. The federal
Powell filed a pro se motion to withdraw his plea, but withdrew the motion before sentencing.
defendant may appeal a sentence to which he stipulated in a Rule 11(c)(1)(C) plea agreement to claims that "his sentence was
imposed in violation of law [or] was imposed as a result of an incorrect application of the sentencing guidelines[.]" United
States v. Sanchez, 146 F.3d 796, 797 & n.1 (10th Cir. 1998); United States v. Littlefield, 105 F.3d 527, 527-28 (9th Cir. 1997). Here, violation of appellants' law. sentences 216-month were not imposed and in
ninety-six-month sentence on the robbery count were well within the 240-month The count statutory maximum. See 18 U.S.C. § 1951(a) on the the
eighty-four-month were mandated by
consecutive statute, and
maximum sentence of life imprisonment.
See United States v. Nor are the of the
Cristobal, 293 F.3d 134, 146-47 (4th Cir. 2002). sentences guidelines. a result of an incorrect
A sentence imposed pursuant to a Rule 11(c)(1)(C)
plea agreement is contractual and not based upon the guidelines. See United States v. Cieslowski, 410 F.3d 353, 364 (7th Cir. 2005) (stating that "[a] sentence imposed under a Rule
11(c)(1)(C) plea arises directly from the agreement itself, not from the Guidelines"); Littlefield, 105 F.3d at 528. 5 Because
§ 3742(c) bars review of sentences imposed pursuant to a Rule 11(c)(1)(C) plea agreement and none of the exceptions applies, we dismiss the appeals of the sentences. In accordance with Anders, we have reviewed the entire records in these cases and have found no meritorious issues for appeal. appeals We therefore affirm the convictions and dismiss the of the sentences. This court requires that counsel
inform their clients, in writing, of the right to petition the Supreme Court of the United States for further review. If a
client requests that a petition be filed, but counsel believes that such a petition would be frivolous, then counsel may move in this court for leave to withdraw from representation.
Counsel's motion must state that a copy thereof was served on the client. We dispense with oral argument because the facts
and legal contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the court and argument would not aid the decisional
process. AFFIRMED IN PART; DISMISSED IN PART
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