US v. Antoine Wallace
UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. ANTOINE JERAMINE WALLACE, a/k/a Antoine Vermaine Wallace, Defendant - Appellant.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the District of Maryland, at Baltimore. Richard D. Bennett, District Judge. (1:08-cr-00201-RDB-1)
December 16, 2009
January 11, 2010
Before NIEMEYER, KING, and DUNCAN, Circuit Judges.
Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Gary E. Proctor, LAW OFFICES OF GARY E. PROCTOR, Baltimore, Maryland, for Appellant. Rod J. Rosenstein, United States Attorney, Bonnie S. Greenberg, Assistant United States Attorney, Baltimore, Maryland, for Appellee.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
PER CURIAM: Antoine Jeramine Wallace appeals his conviction by a jury of one count of bank robbery in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 2113(a), (f) (2006), and his 216 month sentence of imprisonment. We affirm. We Wallace's review for de novo the district court's United denial States of v.
Singleton, 107 F.3d 1091, 1097 n.3 (4th Cir. 1997). exercise request the must right be: to self-representation, clear and the
To properly defendant's (2) knowing,
intelligent, and voluntary; and (3) timely." Bush, 404 F.3d 263, 271 (4th Cir. 2005).
United States v.
A defendant cannot use
the right to self-representation as a means to delay the trial. Id. at 272. On appeal, Wallace contends that his assertion of his right to self-representation was knowing, intelligent, and
voluntary, claiming that, unlike the defendant in Bush, he was psychologically without counsel, capable and was of making the to decision to proceed We
agree with the district court that Wallace's request for selfrepresentation, made for the first time on the morning of trial, was neither clear and unequivocal nor timely. F.3d at 271. See Bush, 404
Thus, the district court did not err in denying
Wallace's motion for self-representation. 2
Wallace next argues that the district court erred in considering the charging papers from the state district court to determine whether his previous conviction for assault in the state circuit court was a crime of violence as defined by U.S. Sentencing Guidelines Manual ("USSG") § 4B1.2 (2007). He
asserts that the district court charging papers for the assault offense are not approved documents under Shepard v. United
States, 544 U.S. 13, 20-21 (2005).
However, our review of the
record convinces us that the district court correctly found the state circuit court proceeded on the district court charging documents. See Md. R. Crim. P. 4-201(b), (c)(3) (providing
statement of charges constitutes charging document in district court; in circuit from court, offense may be also tried United on charging v.
Kirksey, 138 F.3d 120, 126 (4th Cir. 1998) (holding that, under Maryland law, affidavit setting forth facts for probable cause, required by Md. R. Crim. P. 211(b), is part of charging papers). Therefore, those documents were properly considered in assessing whether Wallace's assault conviction was a crime of violence. See United States v. Simms, 441 F.3d 313, 316 (4th Cir. 2006) (holding that, under Shepard, Maryland application for statement of charges is properly considered part of charging document).
Thus, the district court did not err by considering the state district court charging papers. * Wallace further contends that the facts that form the basis of his assault conviction do not necessarily indicate that the assault was a crime of violence. However, based on the
facts presented in the charging document, one of the elements of Wallace's assault conviction involved the use, attempted use, or threatened § 4B1.2. that the use of physical force against the victim. USSG
As a result, the district court properly determined previous assault conviction constituted a crime of
violence and did not err in finding that Wallace was a career offender subject to an enhanced sentence. Accordingly, sentence. legal before we affirm Wallace's conviction and
We dispense with oral argument because the facts and are and adequately argument presented not in the the material
contentions the court
process. AFFIRMED Our recent decision in United States v. Harcum, __ F.3d __, 2009 WL 3834401 (4th Cir. Nov. 17, 2009) (No. 07-4890), does not alter this result. In Harcum, an information was issued for proceedings in the Maryland circuit court, and thus became the "charging document" for Shepard purposes. Therefore, the statement of charges used in the district court was not the charging document relevant to Harcum's circuit court conviction, and could not be consulted to determine whether the conviction constituted a violent felony under 18 U.S.C. § 924(e) (2006).
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