US v. William Santana
UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. WILLIAM MARTINEZ SANTANA, Hector Martinez-Guerrero, a/k/a William Martinez, a/k/a
Defendant - Appellant.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina, at Raleigh. Terrence W. Boyle, District Judge. (5:08-cr-00316-BO-1)
January 14, 2010
January 20, 2010
Before MOTZ, GREGORY, and SHEDD, Circuit Judges.
Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Thomas P. McNamara, Federal Public Defender, Stephen C. Gordon, Assistant Federal Public Defender, Raleigh, North Carolina, for Appellant. George E. B. Holding, United States Attorney, David A. Bragdon, Anne M. Hayes, Assistant United States Attorneys, Raleigh, North Carolina, for Appellee.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
PER CURIAM: William Martinez Santana appeals his convictions for aggravated identity theft, in violation of 18 U.S.C.
§ 1028A(a)(1) (2006), contending that there was an insufficient factual basis for his guilty plea in light of Flores-Figueroa v. United States, 129 S. Ct. 1886 (2009). Specifically, Santana
contends that there is no evidence in the record showing his knowledge that the means of identification involved in his
aggravated identity theft convictions belonged to actual people as required under § 1028A(a)(1). We affirm.
Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 11(b)(3) requires that the district court satisfy itself that there is a factual basis for the plea prior to entering judgment. Santana guilty did plea, not his move in the to district the court However, because to of withdraw the Rule his 11
hearing is reviewed for plain error. 277 F.3d 517, 526 (4th Cir. 2002).
United States v. Martinez, A district court may find
the factual basis for the plea "from anything that appears on the record," and the court may defer its inquiry until
Id. at 531 (holding that court may satisfy factual
basis requirement by examining presentence report). Here, the presentence report states that Santana In
"stole the identity of actual people living in Puerto Rico."
addition, at the Rule 11 hearing, the Government proffered that 2
"authentic" social security cards, driver's licenses, and birth certificates from Puerto Rico. Next, at sentencing, the
Government stated that "they were using real identities and real individuals in Puerto Rico." Further, these factual statements
were corroborated by the circumstances of the crime: (1) the documents were ordered from and sent from Puerto Rico, (2) the price was inflated because the documents were of "exceptional quality," and (3) the documents did in fact use the identities of real individuals. Santana has not challenged the accuracy of We hold that
these statements in district court or on appeal.
this factual description, to which Santana did not object, was sufficient to establish a factual basis for the conclusion that Santana knew that the means of identification involved in his crimes belonged to actual people. Accordingly, dispense with oral we affirm Santana's the convictions. facts and We
contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the court and argument would not aid the decisional process.
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