US v. Matthew Mason
UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. MATTHEW QUINN MASON, a/k/a Q, Defendant - Appellant.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Northern District of West Virginia, at Martinsburg. John Preston Bailey, Chief District Judge. (3:08-cr-00030-JPB-DJJ-2)
March 24, 2010
April 16, 2010
Before WILKINSON and MOTZ, Circuit Judges, and HAMILTON, Senior Circuit Judge.
Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Lary D. Garrett, GARRETT & GARRETT, Moorefield, West Virginia, for Appellant. Sharon L. Potter, United States Attorney, Erin K. Reisenweber, Assistant United States Attorney, Martinsburg, West Virginia, for Appellee.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
PER CURIAM: Following convicted of a jury to trial, Matthew Quinn a Mason witness, was in
violation of 18 U.S.C.A. § 1513(a)(1)(A), (f) (West 2000 & Supp. 2009); aiding and abetting in retaliating against a witness, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1513(a)(1)(A) (2006); and damage to the property of another in retaliation for testimony, in violation of 18 U.S.C.A. § 1513(b)(1) (West 2000 & Supp. 2009). district court sentenced Mason to concurrent sentences The of
ninety-five months on each count. Mason asserts two claims on appeal: 1 (1) the district court erred in denying his Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 29 motion for a judgment of acquittal, because the evidence was insufficient to support his convictions; and (2) the district court abused its discretion in admitting evidence of prior
interactions between Mason and Darryl Clinkscale, the victim in this case. For the reasons that follow, we reject Mason's
arguments and affirm.
At the beginning of his brief, Mason indicates that he also appeals the jury instructions issued by the district court. However, he does not provide any argument pertaining to this issue in the body of his brief. See Fed. R. App. P. 28(a)(9)(A). Therefore, we find Mason has waived this issue on appeal. See Wahi v. Charleston Area Med. Ctr., Inc., 562 F.3d 599, 607 (4th Cir. 2009).
We review a district court's decision to deny a Rule 29 motion de novo. (4th Cir. 2007). of insufficient United States v. Midgett, 488 F.3d 288, 297
Where, as here, the motion is based on a claim evidence, "[t]he verdict of a jury must be
sustained if there is substantial evidence, taking the view most favorable to the Government, to support it." Glasser v. United
States, 315 U.S. 60, 80 (1942); see United States v. Kellam, 568 F.3d 125, 140 (4th Cir.), cert. denied, 130 S. Ct. 657 (2009). "[S]ubstantial evidence is evidence that a reasonable finder of fact could accept as adequate and sufficient to support a
conclusion of a defendant's guilt beyond a reasonable doubt." United States v. Delfino, 510 F.3d 468, 471 (4th Cir. 2007) (quoting United States v. Burgos, 94 F.3d 849, 862 (4th Cir. 1996) (en banc)) (internal quotation marks omitted). reverse a conviction on insufficiency grounds only We "can when the
prosecution's failure is clear." F.3d 390, 394 (4th Cir. 2006)
United States v. Moye, 454 (en banc) (internal quotation
marks omitted). To satisfy its burden of proof in this case, the
Government had to prove that, in retaliation for Clinkscale's testimony against Cecil Ray, Jr., 2 Mason: aided and abetted in
Clinkscale trafficking trial. (Continued)
testified Ray was
at Ray's 2007 federal convicted and received a 3
attempting to kill Clinkscale; conspired with at least one other person to attempt to kill Clinkscale; and damaged Clinkscale's property. See 18 U.S.C. § 1513(a)(1), (b)(1), (f). We have
thoroughly reviewed the record and find the evidence supports Mason's convictions. Clinkscale testified that, prior to his Clinkscale
involvement in Ray's trial, he did not know Mason.
further testified to the three (and only three) interactions he had with Mason prior to the incident underlying this appeal. These exchanges, which occurred while both men were in custody immediately Clinkscale's prior to Ray's against trial, Ray. all centered around co-
defendant testified that one of the men who shot at Clinkscale expressed anger at Clinkscale, because Clinkscale had "told on" Ray. We "the most agree with the the district only court's conclusion inference that to be
drawn by the jury . . . is that Clinkscale was being pursued and shot at because he had testified against Cecil Ray." Viewed in
the light most favorable to the Government, we find no clear failure reversal. in the Government's evidence that would support
See Moye, 454 F.3d at 394 ("[W]here the evidence
sentence, which this court affirmed on appeal. See United States v. Ray, 317 F. App'x 346 (4th Cir. 2009) (No. 07-5155).
decide which interpretation to accept."). Mason next asserts that the district court abused its discretion in admitting Clinkscale's testimony pertaining to his three prior exchanges with Mason. 3 This court reviews a district United
court's evidentiary rulings for an abuse of discretion.
States v. Basham, 561 F.3d 302, 325 (4th Cir. 2009) (stating standard of review). district admitting omitted). court judge An abuse of discretion occurs when "the acted Id. of at arbitrarily 326 the or irrationally quotation of in
prohibits the admission of evidence of "other crimes, wrongs, or acts" solely to prove a defendant's bad character, but "[s]uch evidence . . . may `be admissible for other purposes, such as proof of motive, opportunity, intent, preparation, plan, Id. be
knowledge, identity, or absence of mistake or accident.'" (quoting Fed. R. Evid. 404(b)). For such evidence to
admissible under Rule 404(b), it "must be (1) relevant to an
Mason first challenges the timeliness of the Government's notice regarding its intent to proffer this evidence. However, because Mason did not ask for a continuance based on the late notice, he will not be heard to complain of it now. Relatedly, Mason asserts that the late disclosure of this evidence violated Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 16. However, the evidence at issue simply does not implicate Rule 16. See Fed. R. Crim. P. 16(a)(1)(A)-(G).
issue other than character; (2) necessary; and (3) reliable." Id. (internal quotation marks omitted). In addition, the
evidence must be more probative than prejudicial. Fed. R. Evid. 403). Assuming, as the district court did,
challenged evidence constituted 404(b) material, there was no abuse of discretion in admitting it. Mason's basic defense was Therefore,
that he participated in this crime for no reason.
evidence of Mason's prior interactions with Clinkscale, which established Mason's knowledge of Clinkscale's role as a federal witness, was admissible because it was relevant and probative of an issue other than Mason's character. For these reasons, we affirm Mason's convictions and sentence. legal before We dispense with oral argument because the facts and are and adequately argument presented not in the the materials decisional
contentions the court
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