US v. Shaun Dunn


UNPUBLISHED PER CURIAM OPINION filed. Originating case number: 2:09-cr-00021-LHT-1 Copies to all parties and the district court/agency. [998447143] [09-4791]

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US v. Shaun Dunn Doc. 0 Case: 09-4791 Document: 37 Date Filed: 10/18/2010 Page: 1 UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT No. 09-4791 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. SHAUN MICHAEL DUNN, Defendant - Appellant. Appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina, at Bryson City. Lacy H. Thornburg, District Judge. (2:09-cr-00021-LHT-1) Submitted: September 15, 2010 Decided: October 18, 2010 Before TRAXLER, Chief Judge, KING, Circuit Judge, and Jerome B. FRIEDMAN, United States District Judge for the Eastern District of Virginia, sitting by designation. Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion. David G. Belser, BELSER & PARKE, Asheville, North Carolina, for Appellant. Edward R. Ryan, United States Attorney, Charlotte, North Carolina, Don D. Gast, Assistant United States Attorney, OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES ATTORNEY, Asheville, North Carolina, for Appellee. Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit. Case: 09-4791 Document: 37 Date Filed: 10/18/2010 Page: 2 PER CURIAM: Shaun Michael Dunn was charged through the Assimilative Crimes Act, 18 U.S.C.A. 13 (West 2000), with speeding to elude arrest while riding his motorcycle on the Blue Ridge Parkway. He was convicted after a jury trial and sentenced to five Dunn months' imprisonment and one year of supervised release. appeals, arguing that the district court erred by restricting his cross-examination of the park ranger who charged him. 1 Finding no reversible error, we affirm Dunn's conviction. According to Dunn, Ranger Scheid issued a ticket on the scene charging him with misdemeanor speeding to elude arrest. See N.C. Gen. Stat. 20-141.5(a). Two days later, Scheid filed a criminal complaint charging Dunn with felonious speeding to elude arrest, alleging aggravating factors to support the felony charge. See N.C. Gen. Stat. 20-141.5(b). A few weeks later, a federal grand jury issued an indictment charging Dunn with felonious aggravating speeding factors: to elude arrest the speed and alleging by more three than exceeding limit fifteen miles per hour, reckless driving, and negligent driving Dunn initially raised two sentencing challenges as well. Because Dunn has completed the term of imprisonment, this court previously granted the unopposed motion to dismiss the sentencing issues as moot. 2 1 Case: 09-4791 Document: 37 Date Filed: 10/18/2010 Page: 3 leading $1,000. 2 to an accident causing property damage in excess of On appeal, Dunn contends that the district court erred when it refused to permit him to cross-examine Ranger Scheid about the decision to upgrade the charges. Dunn argues that because Scheid originally charged him with a misdemeanor that did not allege aggravating factors, but then later decided to upgrade the charges, he was entitled to cross-examine Scheid about the charging decision in order to show possible bias or animosity towards Dunn. Dunn argues that the jury should have been informed that Scheid "had escalated the charges" and that "trial counsel should have thus been allowed to argue that this showed bias toward [Dunn] and a desire to protect [the ranger who wrecked his patrol car] and himself and shift blame for the accident." district Brief of Appellant at 9. court's refusal to let him Dunn contends that the pursue this line of questioning violated his Sixth Amendment right to confront the witnesses against him. We disagree. "The Sixth Amendment right to confrontation and the Fifth Amendment right to due process of law require only that the accused be permitted to introduce all relevant and admissible One of the rangers wrecked his patrol car while trying to stop Dunn. The damage to the patrol car provided the factual basis for the third aggravating factor. 3 2 Case: 09-4791 Document: 37 Date Filed: 10/18/2010 Page: 4 evidence." Cir. 1995) United States v. Powers, 59 F.3d 1460, 1470 (4th (internal Sixth issues quotation marks to to omitted). Thus, "[a] is the defendant's limited to Amendment that are right relevant cross-examination his trial, and district court has broad discretion to determine which issues are relevant." Id.; see also Delaware v. Van Arsdall, 475 U.S. 673, 679 (1986) ("[T]rial judges retain wide latitude . . . to impose reasonable limits on . . . cross-examination based on concerns confusion about, of among the other things, the harassment, prejudice, safety, or issues, witness'[s] interrogation that is repetitive or only marginally relevant."). In this case, the district court agreed with the government that the cross-examination sought by Dunn was improper because the ultimate decision to charge Dunn with a felony was made not by Ranger Scheid, but by the prosecuting attorney, and that the cross-examination would improperly insert questions about punishment into the jury's deliberations. The district court therefore refused to permit the cross-examination. Because the ultimate decision to indict Dunn on a felony charge was made by an assistant United States Attorney, not Ranger Scheid, we cannot say that the district court abused its discretion by concluding that Dunn's line of questioning was not relevant. abused its We likewise do not believe that the district court discretion by prohibiting 4 the proposed cross- Case: 09-4791 Document: 37 Date Filed: 10/18/2010 Page: 5 examination questions on the basis that in the it would improperly mind. See, raise e.g., about punishment jury's Shannon v. United States, 512 U.S. 573, 579 (1994) ("The jury's function is to find the facts and to decide whether, on those facts, the defendant is guilty of the crime charged. The judge, by contrast, imposes sentence on the defendant after the jury has arrived at a guilty verdict. Information regarding the consequences of a verdict is therefore irrelevant to the jury's task."). Accordingly, for the foregoing reasons, we hereby affirm Dunn's conviction. AFFIRMED 5

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