US v. Ahmad Stevens


UNPUBLISHED PER CURIAM OPINION filed. Originating case number: 2:05-cr-01095-DCN-1 Copies to all parties and the district court/agency. [998464198] [10-4125]

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US v. Ahmad Stevens Doc. 0 Case: 10-4125 Document: 28 Date Filed: 11/12/2010 Page: 1 UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT No. 10-4125 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. AHMAD RASHARD STEVENS, Defendant - Appellant. Appeal from the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina, at Charleston. David C. Norton, Chief District Judge. (2:05-cr-01095-DCN-1) Submitted: October 19, 2010 Decided: November 12, 2010 Before WILKINSON, KING, and WYNN, Circuit Judges. Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion. Louis H. Lang, CALLISON, TIGHE & ROBINSON, LLC, Columbia, South Carolina, for Appellant. Sean Kittrell, Assistant United States Attorney, Charleston, South Carolina, for Appellee. Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit. Case: 10-4125 Document: 28 Date Filed: 11/12/2010 Page: 2 PER CURIAM: In April 2007, the district court sentenced Ahmad Rashard Stevens to five years of probation following Stevens' guilty plea to possession with intent to distribute marijuana, in violation of 21 U.S.C. 841(a) (2006). In June 2009, Stevens was charged with several violations of his probation, which he admitted. The district court revoked Stevens' probation and sentenced him to forty-two months of imprisonment and Stevens now appeals. His attorney has filed a brief pursuant to Anders v. California, 386 U.S. 738 (1967), raising two issues but stating that there are no meritorious issues for appeal. Stevens was informed of his right to file a pro se Finding no error, we supplemental brief but did not do so. affirm. In the Anders brief, counsel first questions whether the district court erred in revoking Stevens' probation. Appellate courts review a district court's decision to revoke probation for abuse of discretion. See Burns v. United States, 287 U.S. 216, 222 (1932); United States v. Bujak, 347 F.3d 607, 609 (6th Cir. 2003); Gov't of the V.I. v. Martinez, 239 F.3d 293, 301 (3d Cir. 2001). violation evidence. of a term of The district court need only find a probation by a preponderance of the Bujak, 347 F.3d at 609. Here, Stevens admitted that We therefore conclude he violated the terms of his probation. 2 Case: 10-4125 Document: 28 Date Filed: 11/12/2010 Page: 3 that the district court did not abuse its discretion in revoking Stevens' probation. Counsel next questions whether the sentence imposed following the revocation of probation was plainly unreasonable. Upon a finding of a probation violation, the district court may revoke probation and resentence the defendant to any sentence within the statutory maximum for the original offense. 18 U.S.C. 3565(a) (2006); United States v. Schaefer, 120 F.3d 505, 507 (4th Cir. 1997). sentences, like supervised "[W]e review probation revocation release revocation sentences, to determine if they are plainly unreasonable." Moulden, 478 F.3d 652, 656 (4th Cir. 2007). sentence for unreasonableness, United States v. We first assess the generally the "follow[ing] procedural and substantive considerations employed in reviewing original sentences . . . ." 433, 438-39 (4th Cir. 2006). United States v. Crudup, 461 F.3d However, "[t]his initial inquiry takes a more `deferential appellate posture concerning issues of fact and the exercise of discretion' than reasonableness review for guidelines sentences." Crudup, 461 F.3d at 438). Moulden, 478 F.3d at 656 (quoting Only if we determine that a sentence is procedurally or substantively unreasonable will we "decide whether the sentence is plainly unreasonable." Although a district court must Id. the policy consider statements in Chapter Seven of the sentencing guidelines along 3 Case: 10-4125 Document: 28 Date Filed: 11/12/2010 Page: 4 with the statutory requirements of 18 U.S.C. 3553(a), "`the court ultimately has broad discretion to revoke its previous sentence and impose a term of imprisonment up to the statutory maximum.'" Crudup, 461 F.3d at 439 (quoting United States v. Lewis, 424 F.3d 239, 244 (2d Cir. 2005)) (internal quotation marks omitted); see also Moulden, 478 F.3d at 656-57. sentence is substantively reasonable if the district Such a court stated a proper basis for concluding that the defendant should receive the sentence imposed. court must as provide with a Crudup, 461 F.3d at 440. of reasons for the "The statement typical sentence but this imposed, the sentencing procedure, statement `need not be as specific as has been required' for departing from a traditional guidelines range." F.3d at 657 (quoting Crudup, 461 F.3d at 438). Moulden, 478 A sentence is plainly unreasonable if it is clearly or obviously unreasonable. Crudup, 461 F.3d at 439. We have thoroughly reviewed the record and conclude that the sentence imposed is both procedurally and substantively reasonable; it follows, therefore, that the sentence is not plainly unreasonable. We have examined the entire record in accordance with the requirements of Anders and have found no other meritorious issues for appeal. district court. We therefore affirm the judgment of the This court requires that counsel inform Stevens, in writing, of the right to petition the Supreme Court 4 Case: 10-4125 Document: 28 Date Filed: 11/12/2010 Page: 5 of the United States for further review. that a petition be filed, but counsel If Stevens requests believes that such a petition would be frivolous, then counsel may move in this court for leave to withdraw from representation. must state that a oral copy thereof was served the Counsel's motion on Stevens. and We legal dispense with argument because facts contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the court and argument would not aid the decisional process. AFFIRMED 5

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