US v. John Smith


UNPUBLISHED PER CURIAM OPINION filed. Originating case number: 3:09-cr-00040-MR-5 Copies to all parties and the district court/agency. [998473120] [10-4419]

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US v. John Smith Doc. 0 Case: 10-4419 Document: 43 Date Filed: 11/29/2010 Page: 1 UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT No. 10-4419 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff Appellee, v. JOHN THOMAS SMITH, Defendant Appellant. Appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina, at Charlotte. Martin K. Reidinger, District Judge. (3:09-cr-00040-MR-5) Submitted: November 8, 2010 Decided: November 29, 2010 Before NIEMEYER, GREGORY, and DUNCAN, Circuit Judges. Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion. S. Frederick Winiker, III, WINIKER LAW FIRM, PLLC, Charlotte, North Carolina, for Appellant. Amy Elizabeth Ray, Assistant United States Attorney, Raleigh, North Carolina, for Appellee. Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit. Case: 10-4419 Document: 43 Date Filed: 11/29/2010 Page: 2 PER CURIAM: John Thomas Smith appeals the 117-month sentence imposed following his guilty plea to one count of conspiracy to commit an offense against the United States, in violation of 18 U.S.C. 371 (2006); one count of armed bank robbery, in violation of 18 U.S.C. 2, 2113(d) (2006); and one count of possession of a firearm during and in relation to a crime of violence, in violation of 18 U.S.C. 2, 924(c) (2006). Counsel for Smith filed a brief in this court in accordance with Anders v. California, 386 U.S. 738 (1967), certifying that there are no non-frivolous issues for appeal, but questioning whether the district court imposed an unreasonable sentence. Smith was informed of his right to file a pro se supplemental brief but did not do so. Finding no reversible error, we affirm. does not challenge the validity of Smith's Counsel guilty plea. See United States v. General, 278 F.3d 389, 393 (4th Cir. 2002) (holding that the standard of review is plain error court). where defendant fails to object before the district Our review of the record reveals that the magistrate judge complied fully with the requirements of Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 11. Therefore, we hold that Smith's guilty plea was knowing and voluntary, and we affirm the conviction. Counsel challenges the reasonableness of Smith's sentence, but does not specify any deficiencies. 2 We review a Case: 10-4419 Document: 43 Date Filed: 11/29/2010 Page: 3 sentence imposed by a district court under a deferential abuse of discretion standard. Gall v. United States, 552 U.S. 38, 45 (2007); United States v. Lynn, 592 F.3d 572, 578-79 (4th Cir. 2010). We begin by reviewing the sentence for significant procedural error, including such errors as "failing to calculate (or improperly calculating) the Guidelines range, treating the Guidelines as mandatory, failing to consider the [18 U.S.C.] 3553(a) [2006] factors, selecting a sentence based on clearly erroneous facts, or failing to adequately explain the chosen sentence - including an explanation for any deviation from the Guidelines." Gall, 552 U.S. at 51. If there are no procedural errors, we then consider the substantive reasonableness of the sentence, taking into account the totality of the circumstances. United States v. Pauley, 511 F.3d 468, 473 (4th Cir. 2007). "When rendering a sentence, the district court `must make an individualized assessment based on the facts presented.'" Cir. 2009) United States v. Carter, 564 F.3d 325, 328 (4th (quoting Gall, 552 U.S. at 50). Accordingly, a sentencing court must apply the relevant 3553(a) factors to the particular facts presented and must "state in open court" the particular reasons that support its chosen sentence. The court's explanation need not be exhaustive; it must Id. be "sufficient `to satisfy the appellate court that [the district court] has considered the parties' arguments and has a reasoned 3 Case: 10-4419 Document: 43 Date Filed: 11/29/2010 Page: 4 basis for exercising [its] own legal decisionmaking authority.'" United States v. Boulware, 604 F.3d 832, 837 (4th Cir. 2010) (quoting Rita v. United States, 551 U.S. 338, 356 (2007)). We conclude that the sentence imposed by the district court was both procedurally and substantively reasonable. district court carefully calculated the Guidelines range The and understood that it was advisory. that the court considered both Furthermore, it is apparent parties' arguments and had a reasoned basis for its decision. Smith's sentence is at the See U.S. Sentencing The district bottom of the applicable Guidelines range. Guidelines Manual ch. 5, pt. A (sentencing table). court did not commit error during sentencing. In accordance with Anders, we have examined the entire record and find no other meritorious issues for appeal. therefore affirm the district court's judgment. This We court requires that counsel inform Smith, in writing, of the right to petition review. the Supreme Court of the United States for further If Smith requests that a petition be filed, but counsel believes that such a petition would be frivolous, then counsel may move in this court for leave to withdraw from representation. Counsel's motion must state that a copy thereof was served on Smith. We dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal contentions are adequately 4 presented in the materials Case: 10-4419 Document: 43 Date Filed: 11/29/2010 Page: 5 before the court and argument would not aid the decisional process. AFFIRMED 5

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