US v. Roswell Bowman
UNPUBLISHED PER CURIAM OPINION filed. Originating case number: 3:08-cr-00010-MR-1 Copies to all parties and the district court/agency. . Mailed to: Roswell Bowman. [15-7722]
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UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Plaintiff - Appellee,
Defendant - Appellant.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Western
District of North Carolina, at Charlotte. Martin K. Reidinger,
District Judge. (3:08-cr-00010-MR-1)
May 19, 2016
May 25, 2016
Before NIEMEYER, MOTZ, and WYNN, Circuit Judges.
Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Roswell Bowman, Appellant Pro Se. C. Nicks Williams, OFFICE OF
THE UNITED STATES ATTORNEY, Charlotte, North Carolina, for
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
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Roswell Bowman appeals the district court’s order denying
reduction based on Amendment 782.
and find no reversible error.
We have reviewed the record
Accordingly, we affirm.
A district court may reduce a prison term if a defendant’s
Guidelines range has subsequently been lowered by the Sentencing
18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2) (2012).
listed in [U.S. Sentencing Guidelines Manual § 1B1.10(d) (2014)]
does not have the effect of lowering the defendant’s applicable
USSG § 1B1.10(a)(2)(B).
We review a district
court’s decision under § 3582(c)(2) for abuse of discretion and
its ruling as to the scope of its legal authority de novo.
United States v. Mann, 709 F.3d 301, 304 (4th Cir. 2013).
In deciding whether to modify a prison term pursuant to a
retroactive amendment to the Sentencing Guidelines, the first
step is to “determine the amended guideline range that would
have been applicable to the defendant if the amendment(s) to the
guidelines listed in [USSG § 1B1.10(d)] had been in effect at
the time the defendant was sentenced.”
USSG § 1B1.10(b)(1);
Dillon v. United States, 560 U.S. 817, 827 (2010).
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amendments listed in [USSG § 1B1.10(d)] for the corresponding
guideline provisions that were applied when the defendant was
USSG § 1B1.10(b)(1).
If the district
court had authority to impose a sentence below any statutorily
required minimum sentence pursuant to a government motion based
determined without regard to USSG § 5G1.1.
USSG § 1B1.10(c).
At Bowman’s original sentencing, the district court adopted
findings of fact.
Thus, the court found that he was responsible
for 375.26 grams of cocaine base and 45.01 grams of cocaine.
The court found that his Guidelines range before application of
USSG § 5G1.1 was 70 to 87 months in prison on count two plus a
After applying the statutorily required mandatory minimum, his
Guidelines sentence was 240 months plus 60 months.
The Government moved for a sentence below the mandatory
minimum and Guidelines range pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 3553(e) and
Government requested a sentence of 120 plus 60 months, totaling
sentence within the Guidelines range that would apply without
the mandatory minimum.
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The court sentenced Bowman to 87 months
plus 60 months, totaling 147 months.
Bowman did not appeal.
eligible for a sentence reduction under Amendment 782, Bowman’s
counsel filed a notice with the district court that counsel had
concluded he was not eligible for a reduction.
officer came to the same conclusion.
Under Amendment 782, they
determined that Bowman’s Guidelines range on count two before
application of USSG § 5G1.1 is 70 to 87 months, which is the
same range that was originally determined by the district court.
reduction under 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2) based on Amendment 782.
In addition to claiming that he was eligible for a reduction, he
argued that the district court had not made any specific finding
of drug quantity at his original sentencing hearing, and the
court should hold an evidentiary hearing to do so.
argued he should be permitted to object to the drug quantities
that were stated in the presentence report at the hearing.
explaining that “[t]he application of Amendment 782 provides no
change in the guideline calculations in this case.”
Bowman contends the court should have “granted an evidentiary
hearing to make specific factual findings of drug quantity for
the purpose of determining [his] eligibility for [a] sentence
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reduction under 18 U.S.C. § 3582(c)(2) and Amendment 782.”
Proceedings under § 3582(c)(2) and USSG § 1B1.10 “do
intended to authorize only a limited adjustment to an otherwise
While a district court may, in its discretion, make additional
findings in § 3582(c)(2) proceedings, it is not obligated to do
Mann, 709 F.3d at 306-07.
After reviewing the record, we
conclude that the district court did not abuse its discretion in
this case by not making additional drug quantity findings.
this court and argument would not aid the decisional process.
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