Pedro Salmeron-Salmeron v. Loretta Lynch
UNPUBLISHED PER CURIAM OPINION filed. Originating case number: A206-794-982 Copies to all parties and the district court/agency. .. [16-2209]
Pg: 1 of 2
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
PEDRO ARTURO SALMERON-SALMERON,
JEFFERSON B. SESSIONS III, Attorney General,
On Petition for Review of an Order of the Board of Immigration Appeals.
Submitted: June 28, 2017
Decided: August 4, 2017
Before NIEMEYER, TRAXLER, and DUNCAN, Circuit Judges.
Petition denied by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Bradley B. Banias, BARNWELL, WHALEY, PATTERSON, AND HELMS, Charleston,
South Carolina, for Petitioner. Chad A. Readler, Acting Assistant Attorney General,
Anthony C. Payne, Assistant Director, Jennifer A. Bowen, Office of Immigration
Litigation, UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, Washington, D.C., for
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
Pg: 2 of 2
Pedro Arturo Salmeron-Salmeron, a native and citizen of El Salvador, petitions for
review of an order of the Board of Immigration Appeals (Board) dismissing his appeal
from the immigration judge's decision denying his motion to reopen. We have reviewed
the administrative record and the Board’s order and find no abuse of discretion. See 8
C.F.R. § 1003.23(b) (2017). We therefore deny the petition for review substantially ∗ for
the reasons stated by the Board. See In re Salmeron-Salmeron (B.I.A. Oct. 14, 2016).
We dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal contentions are adequately
presented in the materials before the court and argument would not aid the decisional
We note that Salmeron-Salmeron failed to establish that he was prejudiced by
former counsel’s alleged ineffective assistance as required by In re Lozada, 19 I. & N.
Dec. 637, 640 (B.I.A. 1988). See Zelaya v. Holder, 668 F.3d 159, 166 (4th Cir. 2012)
(noting that resisting gang recruitment is “an amorphous characteristic providing neither
an adequate benchmark for determining group membership nor embodying a concrete
trait that would readily identify a person as possessing such a characteristic”); In re S-EG-, 24 I. & N. Dec. 579 (B.I.A. 2008) (holding that harm or threats inflicted for refusal to
join a gang, without more, does not constitute persecution on account of a protected
ground). Accordingly, even if Salmeron-Salmeron could establish that he informed
former counsel prior to the entry of his pre-conclusion voluntary departure order that he
feared harm in El Salvador, a remand under INS v. Ventura, 537 U.S. 12, 16 (2002),
would not be warranted “[b]ecause the result of a remand to the Board is a foregone
conclusion such that remand would amount to nothing more than a mere formality.”
Hussain v. Gonzales, 477 F.3d 153, 158 (4th Cir. 2007).
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?