US v. Sergio Renteria-Gonzalez
UNPUBLISHED PER CURIAM OPINION filed. Originating case number: 4:15-cr-00052-FL-1 Copies to all parties and the district court/agency. .. [16-4029]
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UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Plaintiff - Appellee,
SERGIO RENTERIA-GONZALEZ, a/k/a Jaime Roberto Hurd-Pinero,
Defendant - Appellant.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern
District of North Carolina, at Greenville. Louise W. Flanagan,
District Judge. (4:15-cr-00052-FL-1)
October 26, 2016
January 3, 2017
Before SHEDD, DIAZ, and FLOYD, Circuit Judges.
Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Thomas P. McNamara, Federal Public Defender, Eric J. Brignac,
Assistant Federal Public Defender, Raleigh, North Carolina, for
John Stuart Bruce, Acting United States Attorney,
Jennifer P. May-Parker, Assistant United States Attorney, Raleigh,
North Carolina, for Appellee.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
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Sergio Renteria-Gonzalez appeals his 30-month prison sentence
after pleading guilty to illegal reentry of an aggravated felon.
The district court sentenced him at the high end of his Guidelines
range of 24 to 30 months.
On appeal, Renteria-Gonzalez contends
explaining its rejection of his argument for a sentence below the
We review the reasonableness of a sentence under 18 U.S.C.
§ 3553(a) (2012) for abuse of discretion.
United States v. Lymas,
781 F.3d 106, 111 (4th Cir. 2015) (citing Gall v. United States,
552 U.S. 38, 41 (2007)).
We first consider whether the district
court committed a significant procedural error, such as failing to
adequately explain the sentence.
Gall, 552 U.S. at 51.
sentence is procedurally reasonable, we consider its substantive
We presume that a sentence within or below
the Guidelines range is substantively reasonable.
v. Susi, 674 F.3d 278, 289 (4th Cir. 2012).
The presumption can
only be rebutted by showing the sentence is unreasonable when
measured against the § 3553(a) factors. United States v. Louthian,
756 F.3d 295, 306 (4th Cir. 2014).
The district court “must make an individualized assessment
based on the facts presented when imposing a sentence, apply[ing]
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the relevant § 3553(a) factors to the specific circumstances of
the case and the defendant, and must state in open court the
particular reasons supporting its chosen sentence.”
F.3d at 113 (citation and internal quotation marks omitted).
district court’s explanation of its sentence need not be lengthy,
but the court must offer some individualized assessment justifying
the sentence imposed and rejection of arguments for a higher or
lower sentence based on § 3553.”
quotation marks omitted).
Id. (citation and internal
The “court’s stated rationale must be
tailored to the particular case at hand and adequate to permit
quotation marks omitted); see also Rita v. United States, 551 U.S.
338, 356 (2007) (explanation must “satisfy the appellate court
that [it] has considered the parties’ arguments and has a reasoned
basis for exercising [its] own legal decisionmaking authority.”).
“Although every sentence requires an adequate explanation, a
more complete and detailed explanation of a sentence is required
when departing from the advisory Sentencing Guidelines, and a major
departure should be supported by a more significant justification
than a minor one.”
United States v. Hernandez, 603 F.3d 267, 271
(4th Cir. 2010) (citations and internal quotation marks omitted).
“When imposing a sentence within the Guidelines, however, the
explanation need not be elaborate or lengthy.”
internal quotation marks omitted).
Id. (citations and
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Where the defendant properly preserved the issue of whether
the explanation was adequate, this Court reviews the issue for
abuse of discretion.
(4th Cir. 2010).
United States v. Lynn, 592 F.3d 572, 576
If this Court finds such abuse, the Court must
reverse unless it concludes that the error was harmless.
Government bears the burden of showing that the error did not have
a substantial and injurious effect or influence on the result and
this Court can say with fair assurance that the district court’s
explicit consideration of the defendant’s arguments would not have
affected the sentence imposed.
United States v. Boulware, 604
F.3d 832, 838 (4th Cir. 2010).
In Lynn, we held that to preserve a claim that the district
court provided inadequate explanation for a sentence, a party is
not required to lodge an explicit objection after the district
Rather, “[b]y drawing arguments from § 3553
for a sentence different than the one ultimately imposed, an
aggrieved party sufficiently alerts the district court of its
responsibility to render an individualized explanation addressing
those arguments, and thus preserves its claim.”
Lynn, 592 F.3d at
578. However, “lodging one specific claim of procedural sentencing
error before the district court, e.g., relying on certain § 3553
procedural sentencing error, e.g., relying on different § 3553
Id. at 579 n.4.
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We have reviewed the record and conclude that the district
court did not err or abuse its discretion, and it adequately
explained its sentencing decision.
It made an individualized
assessment based on the facts presented, applied the relevant
§ 3553(a) factors to the specific circumstances of the case and
the defendant, and stated in open court the particular reasons
supporting its chosen sentence.
Its statements were sufficient to
satisfy us that it considered the parties’ arguments and had a
reasoned basis for exercising its decisionmaking authority.
Accordingly, we affirm the district court’s judgment.
dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal contentions
are adequately presented in the materials before this court and
argument would not aid the decisional process.
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