US v. Tramartie Grade


UNPUBLISHED PER CURIAM OPINION filed. Originating case number: 3:15-cr-00131-MOC-1. Copies to all parties and the district court. [999941932].. [16-4151]

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Appeal: 16-4151 Doc: 39 Filed: 10/05/2016 Pg: 1 of 3 UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT No. 16-4151 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. TRAMARTIE GRADE, a/k/a Tremartie Grade, Defendant - Appellant. Appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina, at Charlotte. Max O. Cogburn, Jr., District Judge. (3:15-cr-00131-MOC-1) Submitted: September 30, 2016 Decided: October 5, 2016 Before MOTZ, KING, and HARRIS, Circuit Judges. Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion. Chiege O. Kalu Okwara, Charlotte, North Carolina, for Appellant. Jill Westmoreland Rose, United States Attorney, Anthony J. Enright, Assistant United States Attorney, Charlotte, North Carolina, for Appellee. Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit. Appeal: 16-4151 Doc: 39 Filed: 10/05/2016 Pg: 2 of 3 PER CURIAM: Tramartie Grade appeals his 92-month sentence following his guilty plea for unlawfully possessing a firearm, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(1) (2012). On appeal, Grade argues that the district court clearly erred during sentencing when it applied the attempted Guidelines murder Manual cross-reference. § 2K2.1(c) (2015). U.S. Finding no Sentencing reversible error, we affirm. We review a district court’s factual findings underlying a cross-reference application for clear error. Ashford, 718 F.3d 377, 380 (4th Cir. 2013). United States v. The government must prove the facts underlying a cross-reference by a preponderance of the evidence. United States v. Davis, 679 F.3d 177, 182 (4th Cir. 2012). Grade argues sentence because: the cross-reference does not apply to his (1) the evidence does not support a finding that Grade possessed the malice required for attempted murder, and (2) the facts support a finding of self-defense. Based on the testimony presented at Grade’s sentencing hearing and the district court’s credibility determinations, we find no clear error in the district court’s finding that a preponderance of the evidence murder. See showed 18 Grade U.S.C. had § the 1111(a) culpable (2012) intent to commit (requiring malice aforethought for murder); United States v. Engle, 676 F.3d 405, 2 Appeal: 16-4151 Doc: 39 Filed: 10/05/2016 Pg: 3 of 3 419-20 (4th Cir. 2012) (requiring government to show defendant intended to commit crime to prove attempt). Nor does the testimony of either the Government’s witnesses or Grade support a finding of self-defense. clearly err when it Thus, the district court did not applied the attempted murder cross- reference. Accordingly, we affirm the district court’s judgment. dispense with oral argument because the facts and We legal contentions were adequately presented in the materials before this court and argument would not aid the decisional process. AFFIRMED 3

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