US v. John Haye
UNPUBLISHED PER CURIAM OPINION filed. Originating case number: 1:14-cr-00577-RDB-1 Copies to all parties and the district court/agency. . [16-4235]
Pg: 1 of 4
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Plaintiff - Appellee,
JOHN EDWARD HAYES,
Defendant - Appellant.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the District of Maryland, at Baltimore.
Richard D. Bennett, District Judge. (1:14-cr-00577-RDB-1)
Submitted: March 7, 2018
Decided: March 12, 2018
Before KING, WYNN, and THACKER, Circuit Judges.
Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Kenneth E. McPherson, KENNETH E. MCPHERSON, CHTD., Riverdale, Maryland, for
Appellant. Paul Michael Cunningham, Assistant United States Attorney, OFFICE OF
THE UNITED STATES ATTORNEY, Baltimore, Maryland, for Appellee.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
Pg: 2 of 4
John Edward Hayes appeals from his convictions and the 209-month sentence
imposed after he pled guilty pursuant to a plea agreement to armed bank robbery, in
violation of 18 U.S.C. § 2113(a), (d); using, carrying, and brandishing a firearm in relation
to a crime of violence, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(1)(A); and being a felon in
possession of a firearm, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(1). Hayes’s attorney filed a
brief pursuant to Anders v. California, 386 U.S. 738 (1967), questioning whether the
district court erred when it denied Hayes’s motion to suppress and motion to dismiss the
§ 924(c)(1)(A) charge. Hayes has not filed a pro se supplemental brief, despite receiving
notice of his right to do so.
We asked the parties to file supplemental briefs addressing whether the district court
committed plain error in failing to consider Hayes’s financial resources and assets before
ordering Hayes to pay restitution immediately. The Government agreed that the district
court erred and filed an unopposed motion to remand so the district court could issue a
restitution order supported by the factual record. We granted the motion, vacated the
restitution order, and remanded the case to allow the district court to consider Hayes’s
financial resources and assets. The case has been returned to us for further consideration.
Finding no reversible error, we affirm.
In the Anders brief, counsel questions whether the district court erred in denying
Hayes’s motion to suppress statements Hayes made during police interrogation and while
he was under the influence of medication. We review the factual findings underlying a
motion to suppress for clear error and review the legal determinations de novo. See United
Pg: 3 of 4
States v. Clarke, 842 F.3d 288, 293 (4th Cir. 2016). After reviewing a video recording of
Hayes’s interrogation and considering the testimony presented at the suppression hearing,
the district court determined that Hayes was sober, alert, and coherent during the
interrogation. We agree with the district court and find no error in its decision to deny
Hayes’s motion to suppress. See, e.g., United States v. Palmer, 820 F.3d 640, 653 (4th Cir.
2016) (“When reviewing factual findings for clear error, we particularly defer to a district
court’s credibility determinations, for it is the role of the district court to observe witnesses
and weigh their credibility during a pre-trial motion to suppress.” (internal quotation marks
and brackets omitted)).
Counsel also asserts that, in denying Hayes’s motion to dismiss, the district court
erred by finding that armed bank robbery under § 2113 is a crime of violence necessary to
support Hayes’s § 924(c)(1)(A) conviction. We review for clear error the district court’s
factual findings on a motion to dismiss an indictment, but we review its legal conclusions
de novo. See United States v. Hosford, 843 F.3d 161, 163 (4th Cir. 2016). We recently
held that bank robbery under § 2113(a) and armed bank robbery under § 2113(d) both
qualify as crimes of violence under the force clause in 18 U.S.C. § 924(c)(3). See United
States v. McNeal, 818 F.3d 141, 151–53, 157 (4th Cir. 2016). We thus discern no error in
the district court’s decision.
We also find no error in the restitution order the district court issued on remand.
Before ordering restitution, the district court had a duty to consider Hayes’s economic
circumstances to determine “the manner in which, and the schedule according to which,
the restitution is to be paid.” 18 U.S.C. § 3664(f)(2); see id. §§ 3664(a), 3664A(d). Thus,
Pg: 4 of 4
the court was required to consider Hayes’s assets, projected earnings, other sources of
income, and any financial obligations, including obligations to dependents.
§ 3664(f)(2). After considering Hayes’s economic circumstances, the district court was
also required to fashion a restitution order consistent with Hayes’s ability to pay. See id.
§ 3664(f)(3)(A). We have reviewed the district court’s order granting the parties’ joint
motion to amend judgment, as well as its January 12, 2018 amended judgment, and
conclude that the district court satisfied the requirements set forth in § 3664.
In accordance with Anders, we have reviewed the record in this case and have found
no meritorious issues for appeal. We therefore affirm the district court’s January 12, 2018
amended judgment. This court requires counsel to inform Hayes, in writing, of the right
to petition the Supreme Court of the United States for further review. If Hayes requests
that a petition be filed, but counsel believes that such a petition would be frivolous, then
counsel may move in this court to withdraw from representation. Counsel’s motion must
state that a copy of the motion was served on Hayes. We dispense with oral argument
because the facts and legal arguments are adequately presented in the materials before this
court and argument would not aid the decisional process.
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?