US v. Dustin Hinckle

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UNPUBLISHED PER CURIAM OPINION filed. Originating case number: 3:15-cr-00027-GMG-RWT-1 Copies to all parties and the district court/agency. [999991781].. [16-4249]

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Appeal: 16-4249 Doc: 25 Filed: 12/21/2016 Pg: 1 of 5 UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT No. 16-4249 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. DUSTIN WADE HINCKLE, Defendant - Appellant. Appeal from the United States District Court for the Northern District of West Virginia, at Martinsburg. Gina M. Groh, Chief District Judge. (3:15-cr-00027-GMG-RWT-1) Submitted: October 31, 2016 Decided: December 21, 2016 Before WILKINSON, KING, and KEENAN, Circuit Judges. Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion. Nicholas J. Compton, Assistant Federal Public Defender, Martinsburg, West Virginia, for Appellant. William J. Ihlenfeld, II, United States Attorney, Paul T. Camilletti, Assistant United States Attorney, Martinsburg, West Virginia, for Appellee. Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit. Appeal: 16-4249 Doc: 25 Filed: 12/21/2016 Pg: 2 of 5 PER CURIAM: Dustin Wade Hinckle appeals his conviction and 120-month sentence imposed after a jury found him guilty of being a felon in possession §§ 922(g)(1), of a firearm, 924(a)(2) in and (2012), violation for of 18 U.S.C. a stolen possessing firearm, in violation of 18 U.S.C. §§ 922(j), 924(a)(2) (2012). On appeal, Hinckle raises four challenges. First, Hinckle argues that the district court erred when it denied his Fed. R. Crim. P. 29 motion for judgment of acquittal. We review de novo the denial of a Rule 29 motion. United States v. Jaensch, 665 F.3d 83, 93 (4th Cir. 2011). The jury verdict must evidence be record, sustained when if “there viewed in is the substantial light most government, to support the conviction.” marks omitted). reasonable “Substantial finder of fact the to the Id. (internal quotation evidence could favorable in is accept evidence as that adequate a and sufficient to support a conclusion of a defendant’s guilt beyond a reasonable doubt.” Id. (brackets and internal quotation marks omitted). Hinckle challenges the sufficiency of the evidence that he possessed the firearms, a requirement under both §§ 922(g)(1) and 922(j). The Government, however, submitted sufficient proof that Hinckle constructively possessed the firearms. States v. Scott, 424 F.3d 431, 435-36 (4th Cir. 2005). 2 See United Appeal: 16-4249 Doc: 25 Filed: 12/21/2016 Pg: 3 of 5 Second, Hinckle argues that the district court erred in qualifying a law enforcement agent interstate nexus of the firearms. as an expert on the We conclude that the district court did not abuse its discretion in qualifying the agent as an expert. See United States v. Wilson, 484 F.3d 267, 273 (4th Cir. 2007) (setting out standard of review). This court has permitted as law enforcement agents to testify establish the interstate nexus requirement. experts to See, e.g., United States v. Williams, 445 F.3d 724, 740 (4th Cir. 2006); United States v. Simmons, 773 F.2d 1455, 1457-58 (4th Cir. 1985). We perceive no error in the district court’s ruling in this case. Third, Hinckle challenges the district court’s denial of one of his objections to his presentence report. ∗ afford considerable determinations about deference the to reliability On appeal, we a district of information court’s in a presentence report, and “will not disturb [those determinations] unless we are left with the definite and firm conviction that a mistake has been committed.” United States v. McDowell, 745 ∗ Hinckle referred to two objections in his brief, but presented no argument to support one of them. Thus, we confine our analysis to the objection fully argued in the brief. See Fed. R. App. P. 28(a)(8)(A); Eriline Co. S.A. v. Johnson, 440 F.3d 648, 653 n.7 (4th Cir. 2006) (observing that single conclusory sentence in argument section was insufficient to raise the issue on appeal). 3 Appeal: 16-4249 F.3d Doc: 25 115, Filed: 12/21/2016 120 (4th Cir. Pg: 4 of 5 2014) (internal quotation marks and citations omitted). In particular, Hinckle argues that the district court erred by adopting the presentence report’s award of history point for a diversionary disposition. one criminal “A diversionary disposition resulting from a finding or admission of guilt, or a plea of nolo contendere, in a judicial proceeding” counts as a sentence eligible Sentencing for Guidelines one criminal Manual history § 4A1.2(f) point. (2015). U.S. Hinckle contends that USSG § 4A1.2(f) does not apply to his diversionary disposition because the disposition sheet does not indicate that Hinckle entered a no contest plea nor does it contain a finding or admission of guilt. The record, however, does not leave us with a definite and firm conviction that a mistake has been made. The district court judge recognized that Hinckle signed a no contest plea and that Hinckle’s plea would be subject to W. Va. Code § 60A-4-407 (2006), which requires an admission or finding of guilt. See United States v. Martinez-Melgar, 591 F.3d 733, 738 (4th Cir. 2010). Finally, sentence. deferential Hinckle contests the reasonableness of his We review a sentence for reasonableness, applying “a abuse-of-discretion States, 552 U.S. 38, 51 (2007). standard.” Gall v. United This review considers both the 4 Appeal: 16-4249 Doc: 25 Filed: 12/21/2016 Pg: 5 of 5 procedural and substantive reasonableness of the sentence. Id. In assessing procedural reasonableness, we consider factors such as whether the district court properly calculated the Sentencing Guidelines range, considered the 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a) factors, and sufficiently explained the sentence imposed. (2012) Id. If no procedural errors exist, we consider the substantive reasonableness of a sentence, evaluating “the totality of the circumstances.” Id. sentence the within We presume properly the reasonableness calculated Guidelines of a range. United States v. Louthian, 756 F.3d 295, 306 (4th Cir. 2014). This “presumption can only be rebutted by showing that the sentence is unreasonable when measured against the 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a) factors.” Id. Having found no procedural error, we conclude that Hinckle also failed to rebut the presumption of reasonableness afforded his within-Guidelines sentence. Accordingly, we affirm the district court’s judgment. dispense with contentions are oral argument adequately because presented in the the facts We and legal materials before this court and argument would not aid the decisional process. AFFIRMED 5

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