US v. Eduardo Trejo-Munoz
UNPUBLISHED PER CURIAM OPINION filed. Originating case number: 5:14-cr-00060-RLV-DSC-1 Copies to all parties and the district court/agency. .. [16-4584]
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UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Plaintiff - Appellee,
EDUARDO TREJO-MUNOZ, a/k/a Lalo,
Defendant - Appellant.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina,
at Statesville. Richard L. Voorhees, District Judge. (5:14-cr-00060-RLV-DSC-1)
Submitted: September 28, 2017
Decided: October 4, 2017
Before SHEDD, AGEE, and KEENAN, Circuit Judges.
Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Charles R. Brewer, Asheville, North Carolina, Janet C. Thomas, Charlotte, North
Carolina, for Appellant. Jill Westmoreland Rose, United States Attorney, Anthony J.
Enright, Assistant United States Attorney, Charlotte, North Carolina, for Appellee.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
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Eduardo Trejo-Munoz appeals his jury convictions and 262-month sentence for
conspiracy to distribute and possess with intent to distribute methamphetamine, in
violation of 21 U.S.C. §§ 841(a)(1), 846 (2012), and four counts of possession with intent
to distribute methamphetamine, in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1). Trejo-Munoz
argues that the district court admitted out-of-court statements into evidence in violation of
the Confrontation Clause, that the district court erred in calculating the applicable drug
weight for Sentencing Guidelines purposes, and that Trejo-Munoz’s trial counsel
provided ineffective assistance. Finding no reversible error, we affirm.
First, we reject Trejo-Munoz’s Confrontation Clause claim, as the statements he
challenges were neither testimonial nor admitted for their truth.
See Davis v.
Washington, 547 U.S. 813, 821 (2006); Crawford v. Washington, 541 U.S. 36, 59 n.9
(2004). We also conclude, upon careful review of the record, that the district court did
not clearly err in finding Trejo-Munoz accountable for 4.5 kilograms or more of highpurity methamphetamine. See U.S. Sentencing Guidelines Manual § 2D1.1(c)(1) (2015);
United States v. Layton, 564 F.3d 330, 334 (4th Cir. 2009) (stating standard of review).
Finally, we decline to consider Trejo-Munoz’s ineffective assistance claim on direct
appeal because the record does not conclusively establish his counsel’s ineffectiveness.
See United States v. Baptiste, 596 F.3d 214, 216 n.1 (4th Cir. 2010). Trejo-Munoz should
assert this claim, if at all, in a 28 U.S.C. § 2255 (2012) motion. Id.
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Accordingly, we affirm the judgment of the district court. We dispense with oral
argument because the facts and legal contentions are adequately presented in the
materials before this court and argument would not aid the decisional process.
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