US v. Marcus Manchion
UNPUBLISHED PER CURIAM OPINION filed. Originating case number: 2:15-cr-00216-1 Copies to all parties and the district court/agency. .. [16-4715]
Pg: 1 of 4
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Plaintiff - Appellee,
Defendant - Appellant.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Southern District of West Virginia,
at Charleston. John T. Copenhaver, Jr., District Judge. (2:15-cr-00216-1)
Submitted: June 19, 2017
Decided: June 27, 2017
Before WILKINSON, AGEE, and HARRIS, Circuit Judges.
Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Christian M. Capece, Federal Public Defender, Jonathan D. Byrne, Research & Writing
Specialist, Rachel E. Zimarowski, Assistant Federal Public Defender, Charleston, West
Virginia, for Appellant. Monica D. Coleman, Assistant United States Attorney,
Charleston, West Virginia, for Appellee.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
Pg: 2 of 4
Marcus Manchion appeals from his conviction and 96-month sentence imposed
pursuant to his guilty plea to distribution of heroin, in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1)
On appeal, Manchion’s counsel submitted a brief pursuant to Anders v.
California, 386 U.S. 738 (1967), concluding that there are no legally nonfrivolous
grounds for appeal, but questioning whether the district court erroneously designated
Manchion a career offender. Although advised of his right to do so, Manchion has not
filed a pro se supplemental brief. The Government declined to file a brief. After a
thorough review of the record, we affirm.
We review Manchion’s sentence for procedural and substantive reasonableness
under a deferential abuse of discretion standard. Gall v. United States, 552 U.S. 38, 51
(2007). We must first ensure that the district court did not commit any “significant
procedural error,” such as failing to properly calculate the applicable Guidelines range,
failing to consider the 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a) (2012) sentencing factors, or failing to
adequately explain the sentence. Id. If we find the sentence procedurally reasonable, we
then consider its substantive reasonableness. Id. “Any sentence that is within or below a
properly calculated Guidelines range is presumptively [substantively] reasonable. Such a
presumption can only be rebutted by showing that the sentence is unreasonable when
measured against the 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a) factors.” United States v. Louthian, 756 F.3d
295, 306 (4th Cir. 2014) (citation omitted).
The district court determined that Manchion qualified as a career offender based
on two prior West Virginia convictions: a 2009 West Virginia conviction for possession
Pg: 3 of 4
with intent to distribute cocaine and a 2014 West Virginia conviction for attempted
distribution of cocaine. Counsel for Manchion argues that the district court erred in
designating Manchion a career offender, asserting that Manchion’s prior attempt
conviction does not qualify as a “controlled substance offense” for purposes of the career
offender Guidelines. This argument is foreclosed by this court’s recent decision in
United States v. Dozier, 848 F.3d 180, 187-88 (4th Cir. 2017) (holding that West Virginia
attempt to distribute cocaine, W. Va. Code Ann. §§ 60A-4-401(a), 61-11-8 (LexisNexis
2014), qualifies as a controlled substance offense for purposes of the career offender
The district court correctly calculated Manchion’s advisory Guidelines range,
heard argument from counsel, provided Manchion an opportunity to allocute, and
considered the § 3553(a) sentencing factors. We have reviewed the record and conclude
that Manchion’s below-Guidelines sentence is both procedurally and substantively
In accordance with Anders, we have reviewed the entire record for meritorious
issues and have found none.
Accordingly, we affirm Manchion’s conviction and
sentence. This court requires that counsel inform Manchion, in writing, of the right to
petition the Supreme Court of the United States for further review. If Manchion requests
that a petition be filed, but counsel believes that such a petition would be frivolous, then
counsel may move in this court for leave to withdraw from representation. Counsel’s
motion must state that a copy thereof was served on Manchion. We dispense with oral
Pg: 4 of 4
argument because the facts and legal contentions are adequately expressed in the
materials before this court and argument would not aid the decisional process.
Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.
Why Is My Information Online?