US v. Kevin Shrader
UNPUBLISHED PER CURIAM OPINION filed. Originating case number: 4:06-cr-00896-TLW-1 Copies to all parties and the district court/agency. .. [16-4734]
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UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Plaintiff - Appellee,
KEVIN DOUGLAS SHRADER,
Defendant - Appellant.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina, at
Florence. Terry L. Wooten, Chief District Judge. (4:06-cr-00896-TLW-1)
Submitted: May 25, 2017
Decided: May 30, 2017
Before MOTZ, THACKER, and HARRIS, Circuit Judges.
Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Michael A. Meetze, Assistant Federal Public Defender, Florence, South Carolina, for
Appellant. Beth Drake, United States Attorney, Brook Bowers Andrews, Arthur Bradley
Parham, Assistant United States Attorney, Columbia, South Carolina, for Appellee.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
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Kevin Douglas Shrader appeals his 30-month sentence imposed upon revocation
of his supervised release. On appeal, Shrader contends that the district court erred in
calculating his Sentencing Guidelines policy statement range. We affirm.
Shrader asserts the district court erred in classifying one of his violations—the
commission of South Carolina strong arm robbery—as a Grade A violation because the
offense qualified as a crime of violence, pursuant to U.S. Sentencing Guidelines Manual
§§ 4B1.2(a), 7B1.1(a)(1), p.s. (2006). Shrader argues that, following Johnson v. United
States, 135 S. Ct. 2551 (2015), his strong arm robbery conviction no longer qualifies as a
crime of violence under either the Guidelines’ force clause contained in § 4B1.2(a)(1) or
the residual clause contained in § 4B1.2(a)(2).
Shrader’s claim is unavailing. Shrader acknowledges that this court held in United
States v. Doctor, 842 F.3d 306, 312 (4th Cir. 2016), cert. denied,
, 2017 WL
1079626 (U.S. Apr. 24, 2017), that South Carolina strong arm robbery qualifies as a
violent felony under the force clause of the Armed Career Criminal Act, 18 U.S.C.
§ 924(e) (2012). Thus, Shrader’s strong arm robbery conviction necessarily qualifies as a
crime of violence under the Guidelines’ force clause. See United States v. Hemingway,
734 F.3d 323, 337 n.13 (4th Cir. 2013); United States v. Jarmon, 596 F.3d 228, 231 n.*
(4th Cir. 2010). Despite Shrader’s assertion that Doctor was wrongly decided, “[i]n this
circuit, we are bound by the basic principle that one panel cannot overrule a decision
issued by another panel.” United States v. Williams, 808 F.3d 253, 261 (4th Cir. 2015)
(internal quotation marks omitted).
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In any event, Shrader’s strong arm robbery conviction qualifies as a crime of
violence under the Guidelines’ residual clause, which is not constitutionally infirm, as the
Supreme Court stated in Beckles v. United States, 137 S. Ct. 886 (2017) (holding
Guidelines are not subject to vagueness challenges under Due Process Clause). Thus,
any Johnson challenge is meritless.
Accordingly, we affirm the district court’s judgment. We dispense with oral
argument because the facts and legal contentions are adequately presented in the
materials before this court and argument would not aid the decisional process.
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