Montavius Antoine Johnson v. David Mitchell
UNPUBLISHED PER CURIAM OPINION filed. Motion disposition in opinion--denying Motion for temporary administrative stay [999958380-2]; denying Motion to amend/correct [999951501-2]; denying Motion for other relief [999951497-2], denying Motion for other relief [999945902-2], denying Motion for other relief [999945893-2]; denying Motion to appoint/assign counsel [999945897-2] Originating case number: 3:16-cv-00003-FDW Copies to all parties and the district court/agency. . Mailed to: Montavius Antoine Johnson LANESBORO CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION P. O. Box 280 Polkton, NC 28135-0000. [16-7216]
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UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
MONTAVIUS ANTOINE JOHNSON,
Petitioner - Appellant,
Respondent - Appellee.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina, at
Charlotte. Frank D. Whitney, Chief District Judge. (3:16-cv-00003-FDW)
Submitted: April 11, 2017
Decided: April 13, 2017
Before SHEDD, DUNCAN, and AGEE, Circuit Judges.
Dismissed and remanded by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Montavius Antoine Johnson, Appellant Pro Se. Clarence Joe DelForge, III, NORTH
CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, Raleigh, North Carolina, for Appellee.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
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Montavius Antoine Johnson seeks to appeal the district court’s order dismissing his
28 U.S.C. § 2254 (2012) petition as untimely. Although “[t]he parties . . . have not
questioned our jurisdiction . . . , we have an independent obligation to verify the existence
of appellate jurisdiction” and may exercise jurisdiction only over final orders and certain
interlocutory and collateral orders. Porter v. Zook, 803 F.3d 694, 696 (4th Cir. 2015)
(internal quotation marks omitted); see 28 U.S.C. § 1292 (2012); Fed. R. Civ. P. 54(b);
Cohen v. Beneficial Indus. Loan Corp., 337 U.S. 541, 545-46 (1949). “Ordinarily, a district
court order is not final until it has resolved all claims as to all parties.” Porter, 803 F.3d at
696 (internal quotation marks omitted). “Regardless of the label given a district court
decision, if it appears from the record that the district court has not adjudicated all of the
issues in a case, then there is no final order.” Id.
In this case, the district court failed to consider Johnson’s claims that his petition
was timely pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1)(C), (D) (2012). Because the district court
did not rule on those claims, it “never issued a final decision” in this matter. Id. at 699.
Accordingly, we dismiss the appeal for lack of jurisdiction and remand to the district court
for consideration of Johnson’s remaining claims. We express no opinion on the ultimate
disposition of those claims, and we deny Johnson’s motions to expand the record, to
appoint counsel, for discovery, for harmless error review, to amend his brief and motions,
and to stay his appeal. We dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal
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contentions are adequately presented in the materials before this court and argument would
not aid the decisional process.
DISMISSED AND REMANDED
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