Vansy Chao v. Jefferson Sessions III
UNPUBLISHED PER CURIAM OPINION filed. Originating case number: 1:16-cv-00206-AJT-TCB Copies to all parties and the district court/agency. .. [17-1173]
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UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
Plaintiff - Appellant,
JEFFERSON B. SESSIONS III, Attorney General, Department of Justice;
MICHAEL JOHN CREPPY, Board Member, Board of Immigration Appeals;
ELAINE C. DUKE, Acting Secretary of U.S. Department of Homeland Security;
LEON RODRIGUEZ, Director, United States Citizenship and Immigration
Services; KIMBERLY ZANOTTI, Field Director, USCIS, Washington, D.C. Field
Defendants - Appellees.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, at
Alexandria. Anthony John Trenga, District Judge. (1:16-cv-00206-AJT-TCB)
Submitted: September 29, 2017
Decided: October 12, 2017
Before AGEE and WYNN, Circuit Judges, and HAMILTON, Senior Circuit Judge.
Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Donald L. Schlemmer, DONALD SCHLEMMER LAW OFFICE, Washington, D.C., for
Appellant. Dana J. Boente, United States Attorney, Dennis C. Barghaan, Jr., Assistant
United States Attorney, Alexandria, Virginia, for Appellees.
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Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
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Vansy Chao appeals the district court’s order granting Defendants summary
judgment and dismissing Chao’s civil action, which was filed pursuant to the
Administrative Procedures Act (APA). See 5 U.S.C. §§ 701-706 (2012). We review de
novo the district court’s grant of summary judgment, employing the same standard used
by the district court. Roland v. USCIS, 850 F.3d 625, 628 (4th Cir. 2017). Pursuant to
the APA, a “reviewing court shall . . . hold unlawful and set aside agency action,
findings, and conclusions found to be  arbitrary, capricious, an abuse of discretion, or
otherwise not in accordance with law.” 5 U.S.C. § 706(2)(A). On appeal, this court is
limited to examining “whether the agency conformed with controlling statutes, and
whether the agency has committed a clear error of judgment.” Holly Hill Farm Corp. v.
United States, 447 F.3d 258, 263 (4th Cir. 2006) (internal quotation marks omitted).
“The ultimate standard of review is a narrow one. The court is not empowered to
substitute its judgment for that of the agency.” Id. (alteration and internal quotation
We have considered Chao’s arguments on appeal in conjunction with the record
and relevant authorities. We agree with the district court that the U.S. Citizenship and
Immigration Services’ denial of Chao’s I-130 Petition for an Alien Relative benefiting his
wife, which was affirmed by the Board of Immigration Appeals, is not arbitrary,
capricious, contrary to established law, or otherwise an abuse of discretion, and that the
dispositive factual findings are supported by substantial evidence.
§ 706(2)(A), (E).
See 5 U.S.C.
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Accordingly, we affirm for the reasons stated by the district court in its dispositive
order. See Chao v. Sessions, No. 1:16-cv-00206-AJT-TCB (E.D. Va. Dec. 12, 2016).
We dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal contentions are adequately
presented in the materials before this court and argument would not aid the decisional
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