In re: David L. Smith
UNPUBLISHED PER CURIAM OPINION filed. Motion disposition in opinion--granting Motion to proceed in forma pauperis (FRAP 24) [1000054748-2]; denying Motion for writ of mandamus (FRAP 21) [1000046637-2]. Originating case number: 5:17-ct-03063-D. Copies to all parties and the district court/agency. . Mailed to: David Smith. [17-1362]
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UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
In re: DAVID L. SMITH,
On Petition for Writ of Mandamus
Submitted: July 27, 2017
Decided: July 31, 2017
Before AGEE and FLOYD, Circuit Judges, and HAMILTON, Senior Circuit Judge.
Petition denied by unpublished per curiam opinion.
David Lee Smith, Petitioner Pro Se.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
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David Lee Smith petitions for a writ of mandamus seeking an order directing the
district court to review a filing in Smith’s civil case as a Fed. R. Civ. P. 60(b) motion,
reduce Smith’s state sentence to time served, and order the state custodian to release him.
We conclude that Smith is not entitled to mandamus relief.
Mandamus relief is a drastic remedy and should be used only in extraordinary
circumstances. Kerr v. U.S. Dist. Court, 426 U.S. 394, 402 (1976); United States v.
Moussaoui, 333 F.3d 509, 516-17 (4th Cir. 2003). Further, mandamus relief is available
only when the petitioner has a clear right to the relief sought. In re First Fed. Sav. &
Loan Ass’n, 860 F.2d 135, 138 (4th Cir. 1988). Mandamus may not be used as a
substitute for appeal. In re Lockheed Martin Corp., 503 F.3d 351, 353 (4th Cir. 2007).
Further, this court does not have jurisdiction to grant mandamus relief against state
officials, Gurley v. Superior Court of Mecklenburg Cty., 411 F.2d 586, 587 (4th Cir.
1969), and does not have jurisdiction to review final state court orders, Dist. of Columbia
Court of Appeals v. Feldman, 460 U.S. 462, 482 (1983).
The relief sought by Smith is not available by way of mandamus. Accordingly,
although we grant leave to proceed in forma pauperis, we deny the petition for writ of
mandamus. We dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal contentions are
adequately presented in the materials before this court and argument would not aid the
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