In re: Frederick Bank
UNPUBLISHED PER CURIAM OPINION filed. Motion disposition in opinion--denying Motion for writ of mandamus (FRAP 21) [1000085778-2]; granting Motion to proceed in forma pauperis (FRAP 24) [1000106287-2], [1000085787-2] Originating case number: 5:17-hc-02102-BO Copies to all parties and the district court/agency. . Mailed to: Frederick Hamilton Banks. [17-1647]
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UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
In re: FREDERICK BANKS,
On Petition for Writ of Mandamus. (5:17-hc-02102-BO)
Submitted: September 28, 2017
Before WILKINSON, MOTZ, and KING, Circuit Judges.
Petition denied by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Frederick Hamilton Banks, Petitioner Pro Se.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
Decided: October 2, 2017
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Frederick Banks petitions this court for a writ of habeas corpus and a writ of
mandamus, challenging the legality of his detention and seeking transfer or immediate
release. Because Banks is not incarcerated within this circuit, we lack jurisdiction to
grant relief under 28 U.S.C. § 2241(a) (2012). We further conclude that it is not in the
interests of justice to transfer the petition to the court that would have jurisdiction. See
28 U.S.C. §§ 1631, 2241(b) (2012).
To the extent Banks asks this court to grant him mandamus relief, mandamus is a
drastic remedy to be used only in extraordinary circumstances. Kerr v. U.S. Dist. Court,
426 U.S. 394, 402 (1976); United States v. Moussaoui, 333 F.3d 509, 516-17 (4th Cir.
2003). In fact, mandamus relief is available only when there are no other means by
which the relief sought could be granted. Moussaoui, 333 F.3d at 517. Thus, to obtain
mandamus relief, a petitioner must establish that: (1) he has a clear and indisputable right
to the relief sought; (2) the responding party has a clear duty to do the specific act
requested; (3) the act requested is an official act or duty; (4) there are no other adequate
means to attain the desired relief; and (5) the issuance of the writ will effect right and
justice in the circumstances. In re Braxton, 258 F.3d 250, 261 (4th Cir. 2001). Banks’
petition has not established that he has a clear right to the relief he seeks.
Accordingly, although we grant leave to proceed in forma pauperis, we deny the
petition. We dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal contentions are
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adequately presented in the materials before this court and would not aid the decisional
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