US v. Lewis Barne
UNPUBLISHED PER CURIAM OPINION filed. Originating case number: 1:16-cr-00021-CCE-1 Copies to all parties and the district court/agency. .. [17-4045]
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UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Plaintiff - Appellee,
LEWIS DANIEL BARNES,
Defendant - Appellant.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Middle District of North Carolina, at
Greensboro. Catherine C. Eagles, District Judge. (1:16-cr-00021-CCE-1)
Submitted: September 26, 2017
Decided: November 7, 2017
Before DUNCAN, THACKER, and HARRIS, Circuit Judges.
Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Mark A. Jones, BELL, DAVIS & PITT, PA, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, for
Appellant. Terry Michael Meinecke, Assistant United States Attorney, Greensboro, North
Carolina, for Appellee.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
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Lewis Daniel Barnes appeals his conviction pursuant to his guilty plea to possession
with intent to distribute cocaine base, in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1), (b)(1)(C)
(2012). He was sentenced within the properly calculated Sentencing Guidelines range to
151 months’ imprisonment. Barnes’ attorney has filed a brief pursuant to Anders v.
California, 386 U.S. 738 (1967), concluding there are no meritorious grounds for appeal
but questioning whether Barnes entered his plea knowingly and voluntarily. Although
notified of his right to file a pro se brief, Barnes has not done so.
Before accepting a guilty plea, the district court must conduct a plea colloquy in
which it informs the defendant of, and determines that he comprehends, the nature of the
charge to which he is pleading guilty, the maximum possible penalty he faces, any
mandatory minimum penalty, and the rights he is relinquishing by pleading guilty. Fed. R.
Crim. P. 11(b)(1); United States v. DeFusco, 949 F.2d 114, 116 (4th Cir. 1991). The court
also must ensure that the plea is voluntary in that it did not result from force, threats, or
promises outside the plea agreement, and is supported by an independent factual basis.
Fed. R. Crim. P. 11(b)(2)(3).
At his Fed. R. Crim. P. 11 hearing, Barnes stated he was not under the influence of
mind-altering drugs or alcohol, that he understood the nature of the proceedings, the
potential sentence he faced, the rights he was giving up by pleading guilty, and the
consequences of his guilty plea. Barnes also stated that no one had threatened or promised
him any leniency in order to pressure him to plead guilty, that he had had an opportunity
to discuss his plea agreement with his attorney, and that he was fully satisfied with
counsel’s service and advice.
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The district court determined that Barnes’ plea was
knowingly and voluntarily entered and that it was supported by a factual basis. Our review
of the transcript reveals that the district court complied with the requirements of Rule 11,
that a factual basis supported the plea, and that Barnes’ plea was knowingly and voluntarily
entered. Accordingly, we find that Barnes’ guilty plea was valid.
In accordance with Anders, we have reviewed the entire record in this case and have
found no meritorious issues for appeal.
Accordingly, we affirm the district court’s
judgment. This court requires that counsel inform Barnes, in writing, of the right to petition
the Supreme Court of the United States for further review. If Barnes requests that a petition
be filed, but counsel believes that such a petition would be frivolous, then counsel may
move in this court for leave to withdraw from representation. Counsel’s motion must state
that a copy thereof was served on Barnes. We dispense with oral argument because the
facts and legal contentions are adequately presented in the materials before this court and
argument would not aid the decisional process.
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