US v. Neko Tisdale
UNPUBLISHED PER CURIAM OPINION filed. Originating case number: 2:15-cr-00517-RMG-1 Copies to all parties and the district court/agency. .. [17-4066]
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UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Plaintiff - Appellee,
Defendant - Appellant.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina, at
Charleston. Richard M. Gergel, District Judge. (2:15-cr-00517-RMG-1)
Submitted: July 11, 2017
Decided: July 21, 2017
Before KING, DUNCAN, and KEENAN, Circuit Judges.
Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion.
J. Robert Haley, Assistant Federal Public Defender, Charleston, South Carolina, for
Appellant. Beth Drake, United States Attorney, Nick Bianchi, Assistant United States
Attorney, Charleston, South Carolina, for Appellee.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
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Neko Andre Tisdale was charged with: possession of a firearm by a convicted
felon, 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(1) (2012), on or about June 12, 2014 (Count One); and
possession of separate firearms and ammunition by a convicted felon on or about
January 31, 2015 (Count Two). He pled guilty without a written plea agreement to Count
One. Tisdale was sentenced to 120 months in prison. He appeals, raising one sentencing
issue. We affirm.
Tisdale contends that the district court erred in including as relevant conduct
under the U.S. Sentencing Guidelines the offense charged in Count Two of the
indictment. With respect to Guidelines calculations, we review a district court’s legal
conclusions de novo and its factual findings for clear error.
United States v.
Gomez-Jimenez, 750 F.3d 370, 380 (4th Cir. 2014).
“Relevant conduct” under the Guidelines includes “all acts and omissions . . . that
were part of the same course of conduct or common scheme or plan as the offense of
conviction.” U.S. Sentencing Guidelines Manual § 1B1.3(a)(2) (2015). An application
Offenses . . . qualify as part of the same course of conduct if they are
sufficiently connected or related to each other as to warrant the conclusion
that they are part of a single episode, spree, or ongoing series of offenses.
Factors that are appropriate to the determination of whether offenses are
sufficiently connected or related to each other to be considered as part of
the same course of conduct include the degree of similarity of the offenses,
the regularity (repetitions) of the offenses, and the time interval between the
offenses. When one of the above factors is absent, a stronger presence of at
least one of the other factors is required.
USSG § 1B1.3 cmt. n. 5(B)(ii).
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We conclude that the district court properly treated the conduct charged in Count
Two as relevant conduct. With respect to similarity and repetition, Tisdale was charged
in both counts with the same offense. He brandished the firearm in both cases. Finally,
the conduct charged in Count Two was clearly related to the conduct in Count One. On
January 31, 2015, Tisdale went to a residence whose occupant he believed had stolen
money intended to be used as bond for the offense charged in Count One. With respect
to time interval between the two offenses, the record establishes that Tisdale had bonded
out on the June 2014 offense only days before committing the January 2015 offense. It
was reasonable for the district court to exclude the time during which Tisdale was in jail
for the June offense when considering the interval between the two offenses.
We therefore affirm. We dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal
contentions are adequately presented in the materials before the court and argument
would not aid the decisional process.
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