US v. Joseph Brown, Jr.
UNPUBLISHED PER CURIAM OPINION filed. Originating case number: 5:05-cr-00235-RLV-DCK-6. Copies to all parties and the district court/agency . [17-4210]
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UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
JOSEPH EDWARD BROWN, JR.,
Defendant - Appellant.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina,
at Statesville. Richard L. Voorhees, District Judge. (5:05-cr-00235-RLV-DCK-6)
Submitted: September 12, 2017
Decided: October 13, 2017
Before GREGORY, Chief Judge, and AGEE and FLOYD, Circuit Judges.
Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Leslie Carter Rawls, Charlotte, North Carolina, for Appellant. Amy Elizabeth Ray,
Assistant United States Attorney, Asheville, North Carolina, for Appellee.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
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Joseph Edward Brown, Jr. appeals the district court’s order revoking his
supervised release and sentencing him to 30 months of imprisonment.
counsel has filed a brief pursuant to Anders v. California, 386 U.S. 738 (1967),
questioning whether Brown knowingly and voluntarily admitted that he violated his
supervised release and waived his right to a full hearing, whether the court erred in
revoking Brown’s supervised release and imposing a sentence of incarceration, and
whether the record demonstrates governmental racial discrimination. Brown was advised
of his right to file a pro se supplemental brief, but has not done so. Finding no error, we
Appellate counsel first questions whether Brown knowingly and voluntarily
admitted that he violated the terms of his supervised release and waived a full hearing.
The Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure provide that a district court must hold a
revocation hearing upon an allegation of the violation of the terms of a defendant’s
supervised release in which the defendant is provided written notice of the alleged
violation, disclosure of the evidence against him, an opportunity to appear and present
evidence, and notice of the right to counsel. Fed. R. Crim. P. 32.1(c)(2). “A defendant’s
supervised release cannot be revoked without a full hearing unless the defendant
knowingly and voluntarily admits to the allegations against [him] and waives [his] rights
under Rule 32.1.” United States v. Farrell, 393 F.3d 498, 500 (4th Cir. 2005). A
knowing and voluntary waiver of the right to a full revocation hearing may be inferred
from the totality of the circumstances and without a formal colloquy with the defendant.
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Id.; see United States v. Stehl, 665 F.2d 58, 59-60 (4th Cir. 1981) (Fed. R. Crim. P. 11
does not apply to supervised release revocation proceedings).
We have thoroughly
reviewed the record and conclude that Brown understood the allegations against him,
knowingly and voluntarily admitted to the violations, and waived a full revocation
Counsel next questions whether the court erred in revoking Brown’s supervised
release and imposing a term of imprisonment. We review the district court’s revocation
of supervised release for abuse of discretion, and the court’s factual determinations
underlying the conclusion that a violation occurred for clear error. United States v.
Padgett, 788 F.3d 370, 373 (4th Cir.), cert. denied, 136 S. Ct. 494 (2015). Upon finding
a violation of a term of supervised release by a preponderance of the evidence, the court
may revoke a term of supervised release and require the defendant to serve imprisonment
for all or part of the term of supervised release authorized by the statute for the
underlying offense. 18 U.S.C. § 3583(e)(3) (2012); see United States v. Copley, 978 F.2d
829, 831 (4th Cir. 1992). Prior to revoking supervised release and imposing a sentence, a
court must consider specified factors set forth in 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a) (2012). 18 U.S.C.
Here, the court did not err in revoking Brown’s supervised release after he
admitted the violations, and correctly sentenced Brown to a term of imprisonment upon
See 18 U.S.C. § 3583(g)(4) (2012) (court must impose term of
imprisonment if defendant tests positive for illegal controlled substances on three
occasions within one year).
Finally, there is no evidence in the record of any
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discrimination against Brown by the Government in prosecuting Brown’s supervised
We have examined the entire record in accordance with the requirements of
Anders and have found no meritorious issues for appeal. Accordingly, we affirm the
judgment of the district court. This court requires that counsel inform Brown, in writing,
of the right to petition the Supreme Court of the United States for further review. If
Brown requests that a petition be filed, but counsel believes that such a petition would be
frivolous, then counsel may move in this court for leave to withdraw from representation.
Counsel’s motion must state that a copy thereof was served on Brown. We dispense with
oral argument because the facts and legal contentions are adequately presented in the
materials before this court and argument would not aid in the decisional process.
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