US v. Reba Myer
UNPUBLISHED PER CURIAM OPINION filed. Originating case number: 3:16-cr-00052-GMG-RWT-1. Copies to all parties and the district court/agency. . [17-4231]
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UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Plaintiff - Appellee,
REBA MARCELLE MYERS,
Defendant - Appellant.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Northern District of West Virginia,
at Martinsburg. Gina M. Groh, Chief District Judge. (3:16-cr-00052-GMG-RWT-1)
Submitted: September 7, 2017
Decided: September 14, 2017
Before SHEDD, FLOYD, and THACKER, Circuit Judges.
Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Robert C. Stone, Jr., ROBERT C. STONE, JR., PLLC, Martinsburg, West Virginia, for
Appellant. Randolph J. Bernard, Shawn, M. Adkins, Assistant United States Attorneys,
Wheeling, West Virginia, for Appellee.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
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Reba Marcelle Myers pleaded guilty to tax evasion, in violation of 26 U.S.C.
§ 7202 (2012).
The district court sentenced Myers to one year and one day of
imprisonment, and she now appeals. For the reasons that follow, we affirm.
On appeal, Myers argues that her counsel rendered ineffective assistance during
the plea negotiations and at sentencing. To prove a claim of ineffective assistance of
counsel, a defendant must show (1) “that counsel’s performance was deficient,” and
(2) “that the deficient performance prejudiced the defense.” Strickland v. Washington,
466 U.S. 668, 687 (1984). Under the second prong of the test in the context of a
conviction following a guilty plea, a defendant can show prejudice only by demonstrating
“a reasonable probability that, but for counsel’s errors, he would not have pleaded guilty
and would have insisted on going to trial.” Hill v. Lockhart, 474 U.S. 52, 59 (1985).
However, we will address a claim of ineffective assistance on direct appeal only if
the lawyer’s ineffectiveness conclusively appears on the record. United States v. Faulls,
821 F.3d 502, 507-08 (4th Cir. 2016).
Here, there is no conclusive evidence of
ineffective assistance on the face of the record and we conclude that Myers’ claims
should not be addressed at this time.
Accordingly, we affirm the judgment of the district court. We dispense with oral
argument because the facts and legal contentions are adequately presented in the
materials before this court and argument would not aid in the decisional process.
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