US v. Stephone Brian Scale
UNPUBLISHED PER CURIAM OPINION filed. Originating case number: 1:16-cr-00295-WO-1 Copies to all parties and the district court/agency. . [17-4233]
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UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Plaintiff - Appellee,
STEPHONE BRIAN SCALES,
Defendant - Appellant.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Middle District of North Carolina, at
Greensboro. William L. Osteen, Jr., Chief District Judge. (1:16-cr-00295-WO-1)
Submitted: October 17, 2017
Decided: October 19, 2017
Before FLOYD and HARRIS, Circuit Judges, and HAMILTON, Senior Circuit Judge.
Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Louis C. Allen, Federal Public Defender, John A. Duberstein, Assistant Federal Public
Defender, Greensboro, North Carolina, for Appellant. Robert Albert Jamison Lang,
Assistant U.S. Attorney, OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES ATTORNEY, WinstonSalem, North Carolina, for Appellee.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
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Stephone Brian Scales appeals the district court’s judgment entered pursuant to his
guilty plea to distribution of cocaine base, in violation of 21 U.S.C. § 841(a)(1), (b)(1)(C)
(2012). Scales’ counsel has filed a brief pursuant to Anders v. California, 386 U.S. 738
(1967), stating that there are no meritorious issues for appeal but questioning whether
Scales’ sentence is unreasonable.
Scales was advised of his right to file a pro se
supplemental brief, but he has not filed one. We affirm.
We review Scales’ sentence for both procedural and substantive reasonableness
“under a deferential abuse-of-discretion standard.” Gall v. United States, 552 U.S. 38, 41
(2007). We must ensure that the district court committed no significant procedural error,
such as improperly calculating the Guidelines range. Id. at 51. If there is no significant
procedural error, we then consider the sentence’s substantive reasonableness under “the
totality of the circumstances, including the extent of any variance from the Guidelines
range.” Id. We presume that a sentence within a properly calculated Guidelines range is
reasonable. United States v. Louthian, 756 F.3d 295, 306 (4th Cir. 2014). A defendant
can rebut this presumption only “by showing that the sentence is unreasonable when
measured against the 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a) factors.” Id.
After reviewing the presentence report and sentencing transcript, we conclude that
Scales’ sentence is both procedurally and substantively reasonable. The district court
properly calculated the advisory Guidelines range and sufficiently explained its reasons
for imposing the sentence Scales received. Further, Scales has not made the showing
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necessary to rebut the presumption of reasonableness accorded his within-Guidelines
In accordance with Anders, we have reviewed the entire record in this case and
have found no meritorious issues for appeal. We therefore affirm the district court’s
judgment. This court requires that counsel inform Scales, in writing, of the right to
petition the Supreme Court of the United States for further review. If Scales requests that
a petition be filed, but counsel believes that such a petition would be frivolous, then
counsel may move in this court for leave to withdraw from representation. Counsel’s
motion must state that a copy thereof was served on Scales.
We dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal contentions are
adequately presented in the materials before this court and argument would not aid the
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