US v. Stevenson Trice
UNPUBLISHED PER CURIAM OPINION filed. Originating case number: 1:16-cr-00336-WO-1 Copies to all parties and the district court/agency. .. [17-4241]
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UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Plaintiff - Appellee,
STEVENSON GILBERTO TRICE,
Defendant - Appellant.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Middle District of North Carolina, at
Greensboro. William L. Osteen, Jr., Chief District Judge. (1:16-cr-00336-WO-1)
Submitted: October 20, 2017
Decided: November 6, 2017
Before SHEDD, KEENAN, and WYNN, Circuit Judges.
Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Louis C. Allen, Federal Public Defender, Eric D. Placke, First Assistant Federal Public
Defender, Greensboro, North Carolina, for Appellant. Sandra J. Hairston, Acting United
States Attorney, Kyle D. Pousson, Assistant United States Attorney, Greensboro, North
Carolina, for Appellee.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
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Stevenson Gilberto Trice pled guilty to being a felon in possession of a firearm in
violation of 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(1) (2012). The district court imposed a sentence of 118
months’ imprisonment, with 40 months to run concurrently with any sentence Trice
receives for related state charges. Trice appeals, arguing that the district court abused its
discretion by not imposing a sentence that is entirely concurrent with any related state
sentence. Finding no error, we affirm.
We review a sentence for reasonableness, applying “a deferential abuse-ofdiscretion standard.” Gall v. United States, 552 U.S. 38, 41 (2007). While this review
can entail appellate consideration of both the procedural and substantive reasonableness
of the sentence, id. at 51, Trice challenges only substantive reasonableness.
considering a sentence’s substantive reasonableness, we evaluate “the totality of the
circumstances.” Id. A sentence is presumptively reasonable if it is within the Guidelines
range, and this “presumption can only be rebutted by showing that the sentence is
unreasonable when measured against the 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a) factors.” United States v.
Louthian, 756 F.3d 295, 306 (4th Cir. 2014).
Under 18 U.S.C. § 3584 (2012), a district court retains discretion to run a sentence
concurrently or consecutively to an unimposed state sentence. See Setser v. United
States, 566 U.S. 231, 236-37 (2012); U.S. Sentencing Guidelines Manual § 5G1.3(c)
(2016). The Guidelines make clear that the district court’s exercise of discretion to
determine whether and to what extent a sentence should be concurrent “is predicated on
the court’s consideration of the § 3553(a) factors, including any applicable guidelines or
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policy statements issued by the Sentencing Commission.”
USSG § 5G1.3 cmt.
background; see § 3584(b).
Trice contends that his sentence is substantively unreasonable because the district
court did not make his sentence entirely concurrent with any future related state court
sentences. The district court properly recognized its authority to run the federal sentence
concurrently, consecutively, or partially concurrently with any related state sentence
imposed in the future.
The court explained that it made Trice’s sentence partially
concurrent in order to reflect his acceptance of responsibility, but also the seriousness of
the § 922(g)(1) offense and the need to protect the public and deter criminal conduct. We
conclude that Trice has failed to show that his sentence is unreasonable.
Accordingly, we affirm. We dispense with oral argument because the facts and
legal contentions are adequately presented in the materials before this court and argument
would not aid the decisional process.
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