US v. Michael William
UNPUBLISHED PER CURIAM OPINION filed. Originating case number: 2:95-cr-00009-H-1. Copies to all parties and the district court/agency. .. [17-4256]
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UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Plaintiff - Appellee,
MICHAEL CRANDALE WILLIAMS,
Defendant - Appellant.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of North Carolina, at
Elizabeth City. Malcolm J. Howard, Senior District Judge. (2:95-cr-00009-H-1)
Submitted: June 13, 2017
Decided: June 15, 2017
Before NIEMEYER, KING, and DUNCAN, Circuit Judges.
Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Raymond C. Tarlton, TARLTON POLK PLLC, Raleigh, North Carolina, for Appellant.
Jennifer P. May-Parker, Assistant United States Attorney, Raleigh, North Carolina, for
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
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Michael Crandale Williams appeals the district court’s judgment revoking his term
of supervised release and imposing a four-month sentence for failing to follow the
instructions of the probation officer. For the reasons set forth below, we affirm.
The district court may revoke supervised release if it “finds by a preponderance of
the evidence that the defendant violated a condition of supervised release.” 18 U.S.C.
§ 3583(e)(3) (2012). We review the district court’s revocation decision for abuse of
discretion. United States v. Padgett, 788 F.3d 370, 373 (4th Cir. 2015).
After Williams completed his federal sentence, he was transferred to the
Pennsylvania Department of Corrections to serve an undischarged state sentence. Williams
claims that he was unaware that he remained subject to federal supervised release upon
completion of his state sentence. On appeal, he first argues that neither the probation office
for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania (EDPA) nor the probation office for the Eastern
District of North Carolina (EDNC) provided him with a written statement of the conditions
of his supervised release as required by 18 U.S.C. § 3583(f) (2012) (providing that district
court shall direct probation officer to provide defendant with a written statement setting
forth conditions of supervised release) and 18 U.S.C. § 3603(1) (2012) (providing that
probation officer shall instruct a person on supervised release “as to the conditions
specified by the sentencing court, and provide him with a written statement clearly setting
forth all such conditions”). Upon review, we find this claim without merit. The conditions
of supervised release were clearly delineated in the original criminal judgment, see United
States v. Ramos-Santiago, 925 F.2d 15, 16-17 (1st Cir. 1991), and in any event, Williams
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had actual notice that he was under supervision and that he was required to follow the
instructions of the probation officer, see United States v. Arbizu, 431 F.3d 469, 471 (5th
Cir. 2005) (holding that “failure to provide written notice of the conditions of supervised
release does not automatically invalidate a revocation of such release if the defendant
received actual notice of the conditions imposed”).
Williams next argues that he should not have been imprisoned for failing to follow
the instructions of an EDPA probation officer as the EDPA office lacked jurisdiction to
enforce the terms of his supervision. We review for plain error because Williams did not
raise this issue before the district court. See Henderson v. United States, 568 U.S. 266, __,
133 S. Ct. 1121, 1124-25 (2013) (reaffirming that unpreserved error is to be reviewed under
plain error standard). To “correct a forfeited error,” Williams must show “(1) there is an
error, (2) the error is plain, and (3) the error affects substantial rights.” Henderson, 133 S.
Ct. at 1126 (alteration and internal quotation marks omitted). Even if these requirements
are met, we will notice the error only if it “seriously affects the fairness, integrity or public
reputation of judicial proceedings.” Id. at 1126-27 (alteration and internal quotation marks
Contrary to Williams’ claim, the EDPA probation office did not seek to enforce the
terms of his supervised release. Rather, it was the EDNC probation office—the office that
retained jurisdiction over his case—that sought revocation in this case. Moreover, we find
no clear error in the district court’s finding that Williams violated the terms of his
supervised release by failing to follow the instructions of the probation officer. See
Padgett, 788 F.3d at 373 (reviewing factual findings underlying a supervised release
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revocation for clear error). At the revocation hearing, a probation officer for the EDNC
testified that he spoke with Williams by telephone on October 5, 2016, and specifically
instructed him that he was on supervised release and had to comply with the orders of the
court. We conclude that Williams fails to demonstrate plain error, let alone plain error
“seriously affect[ing] the fairness, integrity or public reputation of judicial proceedings.”
Henderson, 133 S. Ct. at 1126-27.
We therefore affirm the district court’s judgment. We dispense with oral argument
because the facts and legal contentions are adequately presented in the materials before this
court and argument would not aid the decisional process.
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