US v. Randy Nesbitt
UNPUBLISHED PER CURIAM OPINION filed. Motion disposition in opinion--Motion to proceed in forma pauperis is granted (FRAP 24) [1000098926-2] Originating case number: 1:96-cr-00044-LMB-1,1:17-cv-00234-LMB Copies to all parties and the district court/agency. . Mailed to: Randy Nesbitt. [17-6523]
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UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Plaintiff - Appellee,
Defendant - Appellant.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, at
Alexandria. Leonie M. Brinkema, District Judge. (1:96-cr-00044-LMB-1; 1:17-cv00234-LMB)
Submitted: August 24, 2017
Decided: August 29, 2017
Before GREGORY, Chief Judge, and SHEDD and DIAZ, Circuit Judges.
Dismissed in part and affirmed in part by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Randy Nesbitt, Appellant Pro Se. Lawrence Joseph Leiser, Assistant United States
Attorney, Alexandria, Virginia, for Appellee.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
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Randy Nesbitt seeks to appeal the district court’s order dismissing as second or
successive his 28 U.S.C. § 2255 (2012) motion and construing his Fed. R. Civ. P. 60(b)
motion as a successive 28 U.S.C. § 2255 motion, and dismissing it on that basis. The
order denying Nesbitt’s successive § 2255 motion is not appealable unless a circuit
justice or judge issues a certificate of appealability. 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(1)(B) (2012). A
certificate of appealability will not issue absent “a substantial showing of the denial of a
constitutional right.” 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2) (2012). When the district court denies
relief on the merits, a prisoner satisfies this standard by demonstrating that reasonable
jurists would find that the district court’s assessment of the constitutional claims is
debatable or wrong. Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484 (2000); see Miller-El v.
Cockrell, 537 U.S. 322, 336-38 (2003).
When the district court denies relief on
procedural grounds, the prisoner must demonstrate both that the dispositive procedural
ruling is debatable, and that the motion states a debatable claim of the denial of a
constitutional right. Slack, 529 U.S. at 484-85.
We have independently reviewed the record and conclude that Nesbitt has not
made the requisite showing. Accordingly, we deny a certificate of appealability and
dismiss the appeal in part.
Insofar as the district court construed Nesbitt’s Rule 60(b) motion as a successive
§ 2255 motion and dismissed it on that basis, we grant leave to proceed in forma pauperis
and affirm in part. See United States v. McRae, 793 F.3d 392, 400 (4th Cir. 2015)
(holding that a certificate of appealability is not required in order to address the district
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court’s jurisdictional categorization of a “Rule 60(b) motion as an unauthorized
successive habeas petition”).
Additionally, we construe Nesbitt’s notice of appeal and informal brief as an
application to file a second or successive § 2255 motion. United States v. Winestock, 340
F.3d 200, 208 (4th Cir. 2003). In order to obtain authorization to file a successive § 2255
motion, a prisoner must assert claims based on either:
(1) newly discovered evidence that . . . would be sufficient to establish by
clear and convincing evidence that no reasonable factfinder would have
found the movant guilty of the offense; or
(2) a new rule of constitutional law, made retroactive to cases on collateral
review by the Supreme Court, that was previously unavailable.
28 U.S.C. § 2255(h). Nesbitt’s claims do not satisfy either of these criteria. Therefore,
we deny authorization to file a successive § 2255 motion.
We dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal contentions are
adequately presented in the materials before this court and argument would not aid the
DISMISSED IN PART; AFFIRMED IN PART
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