Olandio Ray Workman v. Dorothy Manigault
UNPUBLISHED PER CURIAM OPINION filed. Motion disposition in opinion--denying Motion for other relief [1000091925-2], denying Motion for other relief [1000089393-2] Originating case number: 6:16-cv-04002-RBH Copies to all parties and the district court/agency. . Mailed to: Olandio Ray Workman GREENVILLE COUNTY DETENTION CENTER 20 McGee Street Greenville, SC 29601. [17-6566]
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UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
OLANDIO RAY WORKMAN,
Plaintiff - Appellant,
DOROTHY MANIGAULT; GREENVILLE COUNTY PUBLIC DEFENDERS
OFFICE; JOHN I. MAULDIN,
Defendants – Appellees,
BILL M., Engineered Product Inc. Co.; MONTRE JETER; CALEB DAVIS;
CHRIS MATTERN; TEE BROKISKIE; MICHAEL COMPOS,
Appeal from the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina, at
Greenville. R. Bryan Harwell, District Judge. (6:16-cv-04002-RBH)
Submitted: August 17, 2017
Before KEENAN, THACKER, and HARRIS, Circuit Judges.
Dismissed and remanded by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Decided: October 3, 2017
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Olandio Ray Workman, Appellant Pro Se.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
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Olandio Ray Workman seeks to appeal from the portion of the district court’s
order accepting the recommendation of the magistrate judge and dismissing without
prejudice his 42 U.S.C. § 1983 (2012) complaint against Dorothy A. Manigault, John I.
Mauldin, and the Greenville County Public Defender’s Office. * We dismiss the appeal as
interlocutory and remand for further proceedings.
This court may exercise jurisdiction only over final orders, 28 U.S.C. § 1291
(2012), and certain interlocutory and collateral orders, 28 U.S.C. § 1292 (2012); Fed. R.
Civ. P. 54(b); Cohen v. Beneficial Indus. Loan Corp., 337 U.S. 541, 545–47 (1949). The
district court dismissed the complaint against the Defendants on the ground that they
were not acting under color of state law. Because Workman may be able to remedy the
deficiencies by filing an amended complaint, see Polk Cty. v. Dodson, 454 U.S. 312,
324–25 (1981) (holding that generally appointed attorney does not act under color of
state law, but leaving open the question of whether appointed attorneys act under color of
state law in “certain administrative and possibly investigative functions”); see also Tower
v. Glover, 467 U.S. 914, 920 (1984) (defense counsel’s conspiracy with state officials to
deprive a client of constitutional rights constitutes action under color of state law);
Branti v. Finkel, 445 U.S. 507 (1980) (holding that public defender may act under color
of state law when making hiring and firing decisions on behalf of the state), we conclude
that the order Workman seeks to appeal is neither a final order nor an appealable
The court separated Workman’s claims against the other named Defendants into
a separate action, concluding that Workman intended two separate complaints.
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interlocutory or collateral order. See Goode v. Cent. Va. Legal Aid Soc’y, Inc., 807 F.3d
619, 623–24 (4th Cir. 2015); Domino Sugar Corp. v. Sugar Workers Local Union 392, 10
F.3d 1064, 1066–67 (4th Cir. 1993). Accordingly, we dismiss this appeal for lack of
jurisdiction and remand the case to the district court with instructions to allow Workman
to amend his complaint. See Goode, 807 F.3d at 630. We deny Workman’s motions for
production of documents and dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal
contentions are adequately presented in the materials before this court and argument
would not aid the decisional process.
DISMISSED AND REMANDED
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