US v. Anthony Trappier
UNPUBLISHED PER CURIAM OPINION filed. Originating case number: 4:09-cr-00340-TLW-1,4:17-cv-01049-TLW. Copies to all parties and the district court/agency. . Mailed to: Anthony Trappier. [17-6833]
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UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Plaintiff - Appellee,
ANTHONY GENE TRAPPIER,
Defendant - Appellant.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina, at
Florence. Terry L. Wooten, Chief District Judge. (4:09-cr-00340-TLW-1; 4:17-cv01049-TLW)
Submitted: October 19, 2017
Decided: October 24, 2017
Before NIEMEYER, MOTZ, and KING, Circuit Judges.
Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Anthony Gene Trappier, Appellant Pro Se. Robert Frank Daley, Jr., Susan Zalkin Hitt,
Assistant United States Attorneys, Columbia, South Carolina; Arthur Bradley Parham,
Assistant United States Attorney, Florence, South Carolina, for Appellee.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
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Anthony Gene Trappier appeals the district court’s order construing his Fed. R.
Civ. P. 60(b) motions for reconsideration of the district court’s order denying relief on his
28 U.S.C. § 2255 (2012) motion as successive § 2255 motions, and dismissing them on
that basis. We have reviewed the record and conclude that the district court correctly
determined that Trappier’s motions were not “true Rule 60(b)” motions but, in substance,
successive § 2255 motions. See United States v. McRae, 793 F.3d 392, 397-400 (4th Cir.
2015); see also Gonzalez v. Crosby, 545 U.S. 524, 531-32 (2005) (explaining how to
differentiate between a true Rule 60(b) motion and an unauthorized successive habeas
motion). We therefore conclude that Trappier is not required to obtain a certificate of
appealability to appeal the district court’s order. See McRae, 793 F.3d at 400. We
nonetheless conclude that the district court correctly determined that, in the absence of
prefiling authorization, it lacked jurisdiction to consider the successive § 2255 motions.
See 28 U.S.C. § 2244(b)(3) (2012). Accordingly, we affirm the district court’s judgment.
Additionally, we construe Trappier’s notice of appeal and informal brief as an
application to file a second or successive § 2255 motion. United States v. Winestock, 340
F.3d 200, 208 (4th Cir. 2003). In order to obtain authorization to file a successive § 2255
motion, a prisoner must assert claims based on either:
(1) newly discovered evidence that . . . would be sufficient to establish by
clear and convincing evidence that no reasonable factfinder would have
found the movant guilty of the offense; or
(2) a new rule of constitutional law, made retroactive to cases on collateral
review by the Supreme Court, that was previously unavailable.
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28 U.S.C. § 2255(h). Trappier’s claims do not satisfy either of these criteria. We
therefore deny authorization to file a successive § 2255 motion. We dispense with oral
argument because the facts and legal contentions are adequately presented in the
materials before this court and argument would not aid in the decisional process.
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