US v. Bobby Crew
UNPUBLISHED PER CURIAM OPINION filed. Originating case number: 6:07-cr-00015-JMC-1. Copies to all parties and the district court/agency . Mailed to: Bobby Eugene Crews. [17-6851]
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UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
Plaintiff - Appellee,
BOBBY EUGENE CREWS,
Defendant - Appellant.
Appeal from the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina, at
Greenville. J. Michelle Childs, District Judge. (6:07-cr-00015-JMC-1)
Submitted: August 24, 2017
Decided: August 29, 2017
Before GREGORY, Chief Judge, and SHEDD and DIAZ, Circuit Judges.
Affirmed by unpublished per curiam opinion.
Bobby Eugene Crews, Appellant Pro Se. Leesa Washington, Assistant United States
Attorney, Greenville, South Carolina, for Appellee.
Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit.
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Bobby Eugene Crews appeals the district court’s order treating his Fed. R. Civ. P.
60(b) motion as a successive 28 U.S.C. § 2255 (2012) motion, and denying it on that basis. *
On appeal, we confine our review to the issues raised in the Appellant’s brief. See 4th Cir.
R. 34(b). Because Crews’ informal brief does not challenge the basis for the district court’s
dispositive procedural ruling, Crews has forfeited appellate review of the court’s order.
See Williams v. Giant Food Inc., 370 F.3d 423, 430 n.4 (4th Cir. 2004). Accordingly, we
affirm the district court’s judgment. See United States v. McRae, 793 F.3d 392, 400 (4th
Additionally, we construe Crews’ notice of appeal and informal brief as an
application to file a successive § 2255 motion. United States v. Winestock, 340 F.3d 200,
208 (4th Cir. 2003). In order to obtain authorization to file a successive § 2255 motion, a
prisoner must assert claims based on either:
(1) newly discovered evidence that . . . would be sufficient to establish by
clear and convincing evidence that no reasonable factfinder would have
found the movant guilty of the offense; or
(2) a new rule of constitutional law, made retroactive to cases on collateral
review by the Supreme Court, that was previously unavailable.
28 U.S.C. § 2255(h). Crews’ claim does not satisfy either of these criteria. Therefore, we
deny authorization to file a successive § 2255 motion.
We treat the district court’s denial of Crews’ Rule 60(b) motion as a dismissal
because, as the court correctly concluded, it was without jurisdiction to consider the merits
of Crews’ successive claims.
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We dispense with oral argument because the facts and legal contentions are
adequately presented in the materials before this court and argument would not aid the
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