USA v. Reyes-Sotelo

Filing 920070327

Opinion

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United States Court of Appeals Fifth Circuit F I L E D IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT March 27, 2007 Charles R. Fulbruge III Clerk No. 04-41308 Summary Calendar UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, versus MARIO REYES-SOTELO, Defendant-Appellant. -------------------Appeal from the United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas USDC No. 5:04-CR-668-ALL -------------------Before DAVIS, BARKSDALE, and BENAVIDES, Circuit Judges. PER CURIAM:* Mario Reyes-Sotelo (Reyes) appeals his conviction and 41month sentence for attempted illegal reentry. 1326. See 8 U.S.C. Reyes argues that under United States v. Booker, 543 U.S. 220 (2005), his sentence must be vacated and his case remanded for resentencing. He asserts that the district court sentenced him pursuant to mandatory Sentencing Guidelines and that the error was not harmless. Reyes asserts, in addition, that 1326(b) is unconstitutional. Pursuant to 5TH CIR. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5TH CIR. R. 47.5.4. * No. 04-41308 -2The district court's sentence pursuant to a mandatory guidelines scheme constitutes Fanfan error. See United States v. The sentencing Walters, 418 F.3d 461, 463-64 (5th Cir. 2005). transcript is silent regarding whether the district court would have imposed the same sentence had the Guidelines been advisory. Thus, the Government has not met its burden of proving beyond a reasonable doubt that the district court would have imposed the same sentence under mandatory Guidelines. See United States v. Zamora-Vallejo, 470 F.3d 592, 595 (5th Cir. 2006)(internal quotations and citation omitted). Reyes argues that 1326(b) is unconstitutional. constitutional challenge to 1326(b) is foreclosed by Almendarez-Torres v. United States, 523 U.S. 224, 235 (1998). See United States v. Garza-Lopez, 410 F.3d 268, 276 (5th Cir.), cert. denied, 126 S. Ct. 298 (2005). Reyes properly concedes Reyes's that his argument is foreclosed in light of Almendarez-Torres and circuit precedent and raises it here only to preserve it for further review. Accordingly, we AFFIRM Reyes's conviction, VACATE his sentence, and REMAND the case for resentencing.

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