USA v. Rivera-Garcia
United States Court of Appeals Fifth Circuit
F I L E D
IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT February 21, 2006 Charles R. Fulbruge III Clerk No. 04-41592 Summary Calendar
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, versus ALLAN ROBERTO RIVERA-GARCIA, Defendant-Appellant. -------------------Appeal from the United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas (5:04-CR-1081-ALL) -------------------Before KING, WIENER, and DeMOSS, Circuit Judges. PER CURIAM:* Defendant-Appellant Allan Roberto Rivera-Garcia appeals his guilty-plea conviction and sentence for being found in the United States, without permission, following removal. § 1326(a),(b). Rivera-Garcia asserts that See 8 U.S.C. the sentencing
provisions in 8 U.S.C. § 1326(b) are unconstitutional on their face and as applied in his case. This constitutional challenge is
foreclosed by Almendarez-Torres v. United States, 523 U.S. 224, 235 (1998). Although Rivera-Garcia contends that Almendarez-Torres was
Pursuant to 5TH CIR. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5TH CIR. R. 47.5.4.
incorrectly decided and that a majority of the Supreme Court would overrule Almendarez-Torres in light of Apprendi v. New Jersey, 530 U.S. 466 (2000), we have repeatedly rejected such arguments on the basis that Almendarez-Torres remains binding. See United States v. Garza-Lopez, 410 F.3d 268, 276 (5th Cir.), cert. denied, 126 S. Ct. 298 (2005). Rivera-Garcia candidly concedes that his argument is
foreclosed in light of Almendarez-Torres and circuit precedent, raising it here solely to preserve it for further review. affirm Rivera-Garcia's conviction. Rivera-Garcia also insists that the district court committed reversible error when it sentenced him pursuant to the mandatory scheme United States Sentencing Guidelines (U.S.S.G.) that was ultimately held unconstitutional in United States v. Booker, 543 U.S. 220 (2005). In sentencing Rivera-Garcia under a mandatory We
guidelines regime, the district court committed error that we refer to as Fanfan error. 463 (5th Cir. 2005). See United States v. Walters, 418 F.3d 461, The government concedes that Rivera-Garcia To prevail, the
preserved his Fanfan claim for appellate review.
government must prove that the Fanfan error in this case was harmless beyond a reasonable doubt. The government has not
sustained this burden. vacate Rivera-Garcia's
See id. at 463-64. sentence and
We are constrained to the case for
resentencing. CONVICTION AFFIRMED; SENTENCE VACATED; CASE REMANDED FOR
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