USA v. Garcia-Mejia
United States Court of Appeals Fifth Circuit
F I L E D
IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT February 23, 2006 Charles R. Fulbruge III Clerk No. 04-41663 Conference Calendar UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, versus RENE ALBERTO GARCIA-MEJIA, Defendant-Appellant. -------------------Appeal from the United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas USDC No. 7:04-CR-704 -------------------Before GARZA, DENNIS, and PRADO, Circuit Judges. PER CURIAM:* Rene Alberto Garcia-Mejia appeals from his guilty-plea conviction for being found in the United States after previous deportation. For the first time on appeal, Garcia-Mejia argues
that the district court erred by sentencing him under the mandatory sentencing scheme held unconstitutional in United States v. Booker, 543 U.S. 220 (2005), an argument that has been termed "Fanfan error." 463 (5th Cir. 2005). structural in nature. United States v. Walters, 418 F.3d 461,
He also contends that Fanfan error is We need not decide the applicability of
Pursuant to 5TH CIR. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5TH CIR. R. 47.5.4.
No. 04-41663 -2the waiver provision in this case because the issues that GarciaMejia raises are either foreclosed or lack arguable merit. Fanfan error meets the first two prongs of the plain error analysis but is not structural in nature. United States v.
Martinez-Lugo, 411 F.3d 597, 600 (5th Cir.), cert. denied, 126 S. Ct. 464 (2005). Because Garcia-Mejia has failed to
demonstrate that the sentencing judge would have reached a different result if an advisory sentencing scheme had been utilized, his claim of Fanfan error does not warrant relief. id. at 601. Garcia-Mejia also argues that 8 U.S.C. § 1326(b)(1) and (b)(2) are unconstitutional. Garcia-Mejia's constitutional See
challenge is foreclosed by Almendarez-Torres v. United States, 523 U.S. 224, 235 (1998). Although Garcia-Mejia contends that
Almendarez-Torres was incorrectly decided and that a majority of the Supreme Court would overrule Almendarez-Torres in light of Apprendi v. New Jersey, 530 U.S. 466 (2000), we have repeatedly rejected such arguments on the basis that Almendarez-Torres remains binding. See United States v. Garza-Lopez, 410 F.3d 268, Garcia-
276 (5th Cir.), cert. denied, 126 S. Ct. 298 (2005).
Mejia properly concedes that his argument is foreclosed in light of Almendarez-Torres and circuit precedent, but he raises it here to preserve it for further review. Accordingly, the district court's judgment is AFFIRMED.
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