USA v. Maldonado

Filing 920060515

Opinion

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United States Court of Appeals Fifth Circuit IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT F I L E D May 15, 2006 Charles R. Fulbruge III Clerk No. 05-41231 Summary Calendar UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, PlaintiffAppellee, versus LUIS ANGEL MALDONADO, DefendantAppellant. ------------------------------------------------------------Appeal from the United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas USDC No. 7:05-CR-206-ALL ------------------------------------------------------------Before BARKSDALE, STEWART and CLEMENT, Circuit Judges. PER CURIAM:* Appellant Luis Angel Maldonado challenges his sentence for being present in the United States illegally after having been deported following conviction for a felony, in violation of 8 U.S.C. 1326(a) and (b). First he asserts that the district court erred by finding that his prior Texas convictions for burglary of a habitation were crimes of violence under U.S.S.G. 2L1.2(b)(1)(A)(ii). Pursuant to 5TH CIR. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5TH CIR. R. 47.5.4. * The district court did not err. See United States v. Garcia-Mendez, 420 F.3d 454 (5th Cir. 2005), cert. denied, 126 S. Ct. 1398 (2006). Maldonado's argument that we failed to apply the categorical analysis of Taylor v. United States, 495 U.S. 575 (1990), in Garcia-Mendez is essentially an argument that Garcia-Mendez was incorrectly decided, and it is unavailing. See Burge v. Parish of St. Tammany, 187 F.3d 452, 466 (5th Cir. 1999). Similarly, Maldonado asserts that the district court plainly erred by assessing criminal history points pursuant to 4A1.1(f) for two prior burglary of a habitation convictions, based on a finding that they were crimes of violence under 4B1.2(a). Burglary of a habitation in Texas is the equivalent of the enumerated offense of "burglary of a dwelling" under 4B1.2(a)(2), and therefore it is a crime of violence under that section. See United States v. Hornsby, 88 F.3d 336, 339 (5th Cir. 1996). Maldonado's assertion that Hornsby does not control because we did not apply Taylor is not persuasive. See Burge, 187 F.3d at 466. Finally, although Maldonado contends that Almendarez-Torres v. United States, 523 U.S. 224, 235 (1998), was incorrectly decided and that a majority of the Supreme Court would overrule it in light of Apprendi v. New Jersey, 530 U.S. 466 (2000), we have repeatedly rejected such arguments on the basis that Almendarez-Torres remains binding. See United States v. Garza-Lopez, 410 F.3d 268, 276 (5th Cir.), cert. denied, 126 S. Ct. 298 (2005). Maldonado properly concedes that his argument is foreclosed in light of Almendarez-Torres and circuit precedent, but he raises it here to preserve it for further review. The judgment of the district court is AFFIRMED.

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