USA v. Davila-Solis
United States Court of Appeals Fifth Circuit
F I L E D
IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT No. 06-40826 Summary Calendar February 14, 2007 Charles R. Fulbruge III Clerk
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee, versus ENRIQUE DAVILA-SOLIS, also known as Roberto Demetrio Godoy, Defendant-Appellant.
-------------------Appeal from the United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas No. 1:05-CR-1035-ALL --------------------
Before SMITH, WIENER, and OWEN, Circuit Judges. PER CURIAM:* Enrique Davila-Solis appeals his conviction of, and sentence for, illegal reentry after having been deported following a conviction of aggravated felony in violation of 8 U.S.C. § 1326(a) and (b). Davila-Solis contends the district court erred by apply-
ing an eight-level increase to his offense level, pursuant to
Pursuant to 5TH CIR. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5TH CIR. R. 47.5.4.
U.S.S.G. § 2L1.2(b)(1)(C), because the conviction that resulted in his deportation, misdemeanor assault in violation of TEX. PENAL CODE ANN. 22.01(a)(1), is not a crime of violence under 18 U.S.C. § 16 and does not constitute an aggravated felony under U.S.S.G.
§ 2L1.2(b)(1)(C). In United States v. Villegas-Hernandez, 468 F.3d 874 (5th Cir. 2006), this court determined that use of force is not an element of § 22.01(a)(1). The district court therefore erred in applying an The government concedes that
enhancement based on this factor.
based on Villegas-Hernandez, the court so erred, but the government asserts the error is harmless. Because, however, the government
has failed to demonstrate beyond a reasonable doubt that the court would have imposed the same sentence absent the error, see U.S. v. Kay, 83 F.3d 98, 101 (5th Cir. 1996); U.S. v. Pineiro, 410 F.3d 282, 286 (5th Cir. 2005), the sentence is vacated, and this matter remanded for resentencing in accordance with this opinion. Davila-Solis also challenges the constitutionality of the treatment of prior felony and aggravated felony convictions under 8 U.S.C. § 1326(b) as sentencing factors rather than elements of the offense that must be found by a jury. This challenge is fore-
closed by Almendarez-Torres v. United States, 523 U.S. 224, 235 (1998). Although Davila-Solis suggests that a majority of the Su-
preme Court would overrule Almendarez-Torres in light of Apprendi v. New Jersey, 530 U.S. 466 (2000), this court has repeatedly rejected such arguments and has declared Almendarez-Torres binding.
See United States v. Garza-Lopez, 410 F.3d 268, 276 (5th Cir.), cert. denied, 126 S. Ct. 298 (2005). United States, 126 S. Ct. 2873 (2006). See also Rangel-Reyes v. Davila-Solis concedes his
argument is foreclosed but raises it preserve it for further review. CONVICTION AFFIRMED; SENTENCE VACATED; REMANDED for resentencing.
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