James Sampson v. Michael Giles
UNPUBLISHED OPINION FILED. [09-40245 Affirmed ] Judge: EHJ , Judge: JLD , Judge: EBC Mandate pull date is 03/03/2011 [09-40245]
Case: 09-40245 Document: 00511378453 Page: 1 Date Filed: 02/10/2011
IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
United States Court of Appeals
FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT
February 10, 2011
Lyle W. Cayce
JAMES RAY SAMPSON
Plaintiff - Appellant
MICHAEL GILES, Correctional Officer, Michael Unit,
Defendant - Appellee
Appeal from the United States District Court
for the Eastern District of Texas
U.S.D.C. No. 6:05-CV-378-1
Before JONES, Chief Judge, and DENNIS and CLEMENT, Circuit Judges.
James Ray Sampson, Texas prisoner #628537, appeals the dismissal of his
civil rights case which he had brought against prison officials pursuant to
42 U.S.C. § 1983. The district court dismissed his case with prejudice for failure
to prosecute after Sampson failed to appear in court on the scheduled date for
a jury trial. See F ED. R. C IV. P. 41(b). Finding no abuse of discretion, we affirm.
Sampson filed suit against prison officials pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983,
alleging various claims including excessive use of force. The case was set for
Pursuant to 5TH CIR . R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not
be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5TH CIR .
Case: 09-40245 Document: 00511378453 Page: 2 Date Filed: 02/10/2011
trial on January 27, 2009. Around 8:00 a.m. that morning, the court received a
call from prison personnel indicating that Sampson could not be transported to
court because he refused to accept prison issued toiletries and to submit to a
strip search. When trial was later called around 9:20 a.m., the court held a
conference call with officers from Sampson’s prison and received detailed, sworn
testimony from Captain Gilbert Lee Ennis (“Ennis”) regarding Sampson’s
absence. The court then asked to speak to Sampson. After he was brought to
the conference call, Sampson explained that he was not in court because the
officers had refused to return to him his toiletries, which had been collected from
him two days earlier. Sampson denied that he was ever offered state issued
toiletries by prison officials. Sampson admitted, however, that the reason for his
initial refusal to be transported to court was his inability to obtain his own
toiletry items. The district court concluded the conference call by indicating that
Sampson’s case was dismissed with prejudice.
The court later received a videotape of some of these events at the prison,
which it reviewed and described in its order of dismissal. The court indicated
that it had set aside time on its busy docket for Sampson’s trial and that the
defendant, defense counsel, witnesses, and an 18-member jury panel had timely
appeared for his trial. The court found that the testimony of Sampson and Ennis
indicated that the primary reason for Sampson’s refusal to go to court revolved
around a toothbrush and hairbrush, and the court concluded that such a reason
was an insufficient basis for refusing to proceed with a federal civil jury trial.
It reasoned that a lesser sanction of fines and costs was not appropriate given
that Sampson was proceeding in forma pauperis (IFP) and the nature and status
of his case. After considering all relevant factors and potential lesser sanctions,
the court dismissed Sampson’s case with prejudice. Sampson appealed.
Sampson contends that the district court erred in receiving Ennis’
testimony without permitting Sampson first to cross-examine him. Since the
Case: 09-40245 Document: 00511378453 Page: 3 Date Filed: 02/10/2011
court permitted Sampson to give his version of events, itself solicited a response
from Ennis about the conflict between Sampson’s and Ennis’s testimony, and
thereafter allowed Sampson the opportunity to make any final statement he
wished before ruling on the defendant’s motion to dismiss, neither the court’s
fact-finding procedure nor its findings are clearly erroneous. See Elementis
Chromium L.P. v. Coastal States Petroleum Co., 450 F.3d 607, 612 (5th Cir.
2006) (court’s findings of fact are reviewed for clear error).
Second, Sampson claims the district court abused its discretion in
dismissing his case with prejudice. Dismissals with prejudice for failure to
prosecute are proper only if the “case discloses both a clear record of delay or
contumacious conduct by the plaintiff, and that a lesser sanction would not
better serve the best interests of justice.” McNeal v. Papasan, 842 F.2d 787, 790
(5th Cir. 1998). In most cases in which this court has affirmed dismissals with
prejudice, at least one of three aggravating factors was also present: (1) delay
caused by the plaintiff himself and not his attorney; (2) actual prejudice to the
CIGNA/RSI-CIGNA, 975 F.2d 1188, 1191 (5th Cir. 1992).
In this case, even though the record does not demonstrate repeated
delaying tactics, it supports the finding that Sampson engaged in contumacious
conduct, which this court has defined as “stubborn resistance to authority.”
Stearman v. Comm’r of Internal Revenue, 436 F.3d 533, 537 (5th Cir. 2006).
Sampson initially refused to board the transport vehicle, stating multiple times
that he was not going to court. When he finally agreed to board later that
morning, he refused fully to comply with the requirements of the strip search.
Moreover, Sampson’s complaint about the absence of his hygiene products is
insufficient to justify failure to appear for trial. The district court blocked off an
entire day to hear his claims, while the defendant, witnesses, representatives of
the Texas Attorney General, and a jury panel were all present in the courthouse
Case: 09-40245 Document: 00511378453 Page: 4 Date Filed: 02/10/2011
waiting for Sampson to appear. His failure to do so represents an “obstinate
disrespect for the judicial process.” McNeal, 842 F.2d at 792.
The record similarly supports the finding that a lesser sanction would not
better serve the interests of justice, as the court explicitly contemplated the
imposition of fines and costs, but found they were inappropriate given Sampson’s
IFP status. Bailey v. N.E. Indep. Sch. Dist., 1993 WL 481432, at *1 (5th Cir.
Nov. 1, 1993).1 Imposing a term of jail time would also have been ineffective
since Sampson was already in prison. Id. Consequently, the district court did
not abuse its discretion in finding that lesser sanctions would not better serve
the ends of justice.
Finally, at least two aggravating factors are present in this case. Berry,
975 F.2d at 1191. Sampson was proceeding pro se and caused the delay by his
own actions, not by mistake or negligence. For these reasons, the judgment
dismissing Sampson’s case is AFFIRMED.
Although Bailey is an unpublished opinion, it constitutes precedent because it was
issued before 1996. See 5TH CIR . R. 47.5.3.
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