USA v. Reynaldo Barron-Martinez


UNPUBLISHED OPINION FILED. [09-50926 Vacated and Remanded] Judge: TMR , Judge: JWE , Judge: JEG Mandate pull date is 10/28/2011 for Appellant Reynaldo Barron-Martinez [09-50926]

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Case: 09-50926 Document: 00511627122 Page: 1 Date Filed: 10/07/2011 IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS United States Court of Appeals FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT Fifth Circuit FILED October 7, 2011 No. 09-50926 Lyle W. Cayce Clerk UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee v. REYNALDO BARRON-MARTINEZ, also known as Martin Sanchez, also know as Benjamin Navarro-Hernandez, also known as Martin Espinoza, also know as Manuel Ayala, Defendant - Appellant Appeal from the United States District Court for the Western District of Texas USDC No. 3:09-CR-1428-1 Before REAVLEY, ELROD, and GRAVES, Circuit Judges. PER CURIAM:* Because of two later judicial decisions, the sentence must be vacated and the case remanded for resentencing. Following defendant’s plea of guilty the district court sentenced him to 36 months of imprisonment, which was an upward variance over the Guidelines because of his under-represented criminal history. In calculating the Guidelines * Pursuant to 5TH CIR. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5TH CIR. R. 47.5.4. Case: 09-50926 Document: 00511627122 Page: 2 Date Filed: 10/07/2011 No. 09-50926 range the court imposed an eight-point enhancement of the offense level due to the treatment of a second state conviction for possession of a controlled substance as an aggravated felony under § 2L1.2. Thereafter the Supreme Court held that the second conviction could be an aggravated felony only if it was actually a recidivist felony conviction. Carachuri-Rosendo v. Holder, 130 S. Ct. 2577 (2010). Because the court must consider the correct Guidelines range before deciding upon the sentence to impose, the question remains of whether the court’s error was harmless. After the briefs were filed here, our court held that “the harmless error doctrine requires the proponent of the sentence to convincingly demonstrate that the court actually would have followed the very same reasoning absent the error.” United States v. Ibarra-Luna, 628 F.3d 712, 717 (5th Cir. 2010)(emphasis in original). “On these facts, the government has not met its burden to convincingly demonstrate that the court would have imposed the very [same] sentence if it had not made an erroneous calculation. We must therefore VACATE [the defendant’s] sentence and REMAND to the district court for resentencing.” Id. at 719. SENTENCE VACATED; REMANDED FOR RESENTENCING. 2

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