Patricia Callins v. Janet Napolitano


UNPUBLISHED OPINION FILED. [11-10048 Affirmed] Judge: CDK , Judge: FPB , Judge: JWE. Mandate pull date is 07/05/2011 [11-10048]

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Case: 11-10048 Document: 00511477364 Page: 1 Date Filed: 05/13/2011 IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS United States Court of Appeals FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT Fifth Circuit FILED May 13, 2011 No. 11-10048 Summary Calendar Lyle W. Cayce Clerk PATRICIA I CALLINS, Plaintiff - Appellant v. SECRETARY JANET NAPOLITANO, Department of Homeland Security, Transportation Security Administration, Defendant - Appellee Appeal from the United States District Court for the Northern District of Texas USDC No. 4:10-CV-893 Before KING, BENAVIDES, and ELROD, Circuit Judges. PER CURIAM:* Plaintiff–Appellant Patricia Callins appeals, pro se, the district court’s dismissal of her in forma pauperis civil complaint pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B). The district court dismissed her complaint for failure to state a claim, reasoning that the complaint stated “nothing more than a conclusory allegation with no plausible, supporting facts.” A district court may sua sponte * Pursuant to 5TH CIR . R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5TH CIR . R. 47.5.4. Case: 11-10048 Document: 00511477364 Page: 2 Date Filed: 05/13/2011 No. 11-10048 dismiss a claim filed in forma pauperis if it “fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted.” Id. § 1915(e)(2)(B). After reviewing Callins’s complaint, we agree with the district court that her complaint failed to state a claim. Callins’s complaint did not plead sufficient factual matter to allow “the court to draw the reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, — U.S. —,129 S. Ct. 1937, 1949 (2009). To meet this pleading standard, Callins’s complaint must state more than “an unadorned, the-defendant-unlawfully-harmed-me accusation.” Id. Furthermore, we do not consider additional factual allegations stated in Callins’s brief before this court, or in her notice of appeal, because those facts were not pled to the district court when it rendered its decision. See Lovelace v. Software Spectrum Inc., 78 F.3d 1015, 1017 (5th Cir. 1996) (“Normally, in deciding a motion to dismiss for failure to state a claim, courts must limit their inquiry to the facts stated in the complaint and documents either attached to or incorporated in the complaint.”). Accordingly, we AFFIRM the judgment of the district court dismissing Callins’s claim without prejudice. 2

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