USA v. Carlos Cabrera-Ruiz
UNPUBLISHED OPINION ORDER FILED. [11-40924 Affirmed ] Judge: WED , Judge: JES , Judge: ECP Mandate pull date is 03/02/2012; denying motion to proceed IFP filed by Appellant Mr. Carlos Alberto Cabrera-Ruiz [6913460-2]; denying motion for certificate of appealability filed by Appellant Mr. Carlos Alberto Cabrera-Ruiz [6913433-2] [11-40924]
Date Filed: 01/10/2012
IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
United States Court of Appeals
FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT
January 10, 2012
Lyle W. Cayce
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
CARLOS ALBERTO CABRERA-RUIZ,
Appeal from the United States District Court
for the Southern District of Texas
Before DAVIS, SMITH, and PRADO, Circuit Judges.
Carlos Cabrera-Ruiz, federal prisoner # 42790-279, pleaded guilty to one
count of conspiracy to transport aliens resulting in the deaths of aliens. The
Pursuant to 5TH CIR. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not
be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5TH CIR.
Date Filed: 01/10/2012
district court sentenced him to 108 months, above the guidelines range of 78 to
97 months, and ordered restitution of $103,915.35 to be paid in monthly installments of $430. Cabrera-Ruiz appealed his sentence, arguing that it was unreasonable on several grounds, and this court affirmed.
Cabrera-Ruiz then filed a 28 U.S.C. § 2255 motion in which he argued that
counsel rendered ineffective assistance at sentencing and on appeal by failing to
argue that the application of enhancements under U.S.S.G. § 2L1.1(b)(6) and
(7)(D) resulted in impermissible double-counting. Cabrera-Ruiz also set forth a
stand-alone challenge, raising the same double-counting argument and further
asserting that his sentence was unreasonable in light of the double-counting, his
lack of prior convictions, and his acceptance of responsibility. While the § 2255
motion was pending, Cabrera-Ruiz separately filed a motion asking the court to
modify the restitution schedule set by the Bureau of Prisons (“BOP”) under the
Inmate Financial Responsibility Program (“IFRP”).
The district court dismissed the motion on the basis that Cabrera-Ruiz had
not satisfied 18 U.S.C. § 3664(k). Cabrera-Ruiz later filed a second motion seeking the same relief.
In a single memorandum opinion and order, the district court denied the
§ 2255 motion, concluding that counsel did not render ineffective assistance, and
dismissed the second motion to modify the payment schedule for the same reasons it had dismissed the first one. Cabrera-Ruiz seeks a certificate of appealability (“COA”) from this court to appeal the judgment, making the same arguments he made in the district court.
As a threshold matter, Cabrera-Ruiz does not need a COA to appeal the
denial of the motion to modify the payment schedule; a COA is required only for
appeals in proceedings brought under §§ 2254 and 2255. See Ojo v. INS, 106
F.3d 680, 681 (5th Cir. 1997). With respect to the merits of this claim, although
the district court cited noncompliance with § 3664(k) as a basis for dismissal, the
court lacked jurisdiction under that provision to consider a request to modify an
Date Filed: 01/10/2012
IFRP payment schedule. See United States v. Diggs, 578 F.3d 318, 319-20 (5th
Cir. 2009). The IFRP is administered by the BOP, and any challenge must be
made via a 28 U.S.C. § 2241 petition in the district where the prisoner is incarcerated (in this case, the Southern District of Mississippi) after he has exhausted
administrative remedies. See id. at 319-20. Accordingly, we AFFIRM the dismissal, albeit on different grounds.
To obtain a COA to appeal the dismissal of his § 2255 motion, CabreraRuiz must make a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right. 28
U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2). To meet that standard, he must demonstrate that “reasonable jurists could debate whether (or, for that matter, agree that) the petition
should have been resolved in a different manner or that the issues presented
were adequate to deserve encouragement to proceed further.” Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 483-84 (2000) (internal quotation marks and citation omitted).
Cabrera-Ruiz has failed to meet that standard. Therefore, we DENY a COA. We
also DENY Cabrera-Ruiz’s request to proceed in forma pauperis on appeal.
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