USA v. Alberto Rocha-Martinez


UNPUBLISHED OPINION FILED. [12-41085 Affirmed ] Judge: TMR , Judge: EGJ , Judge: WED Mandate pull date is 06/20/2013 for Appellant Alberto Rocha-Martinez; granting motion for summary affirmance filed by Appellee USA [7300944-2]; denying motion to extend time to file appellee's brief filed by Appellee USA [7300944-3] [12-41085]

Download PDF
Case: 12-41085 Document: 00512257041 Page: 1 Date Filed: 05/30/2013 IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS United States Court of Appeals FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT Fifth Circuit FILED No. 12-41085 Summary Calendar May 30, 2013 Lyle W. Cayce Clerk UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff-Appellee v. ALBERTO ROCHA-MARTINEZ, Defendant-Appellant Appeal from the United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas USDC No. 5:12-CR-396-1 Before REAVLEY, JOLLY, and DAVIS, Circuit Judges. PER CURIAM:* Raising two claims of error that he concedes are foreclosed, Alberto Rocha-Martinez appeals the 84-month sentence imposed following his guilty plea conviction for illegal reentry of a deported alien. The Government has filed an unopposed motion for summary affirmance or, in the alternative, for an extension of time to file a brief. In his first claim, Rocha-Martinez contends that the district court erred by assessing a 16-level “drug trafficking” enhancement under United States * Pursuant to 5TH CIR. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5TH CIR. R. 47.5.4. Case: 12-41085 Document: 00512257041 Page: 2 Date Filed: 05/30/2013 No. 12-41085 Sentencing Guideline § 2L1.2(b)(1)(A)(i), based on his prior federal conviction for conspiracy to possess marijuana with intent to distribute. He argues that a conspiracy conviction such as his prior conviction, which has been obtained pursuant to 21 U.S.C. § 846, does not require proof of an overt act and thus does not meet the generic, contemporary definition of conspiracy for purposes of applying the § 2L1.2(b)(1)(A)(i) enhancement. As the parties concede, this issue is foreclosed by United States v. Rodriguez-Escareno, 700 F.3d 751, 753-55 (5th Cir. 2012), cert. denied, 2013 WL 1313840 (Apr. 29, 2013) (No. 12-9483). In his second claim, Rocha-Martinez contends that the district court erred in not awarding an additional one-level reduction of his offense level for acceptance of responsibility under United States Sentencing Guideline § 3E1.1(b) when the Government declined to move for the reduction after he refused to sign a plea agreement containing an appeal waiver. As the parties concede, this issue is likewise foreclosed. See United States v. Newson, 515 F.3d 374, 376-79 (5th Cir. 2008). In light of the foregoing, the Government’s motion for summary affirmance is GRANTED, its alternative motion for an extension of time to file a brief is DENIED, and the judgment of the district court is AFFIRMED. 2

Disclaimer: Justia Dockets & Filings provides public litigation records from the federal appellate and district courts. These filings and docket sheets should not be considered findings of fact or liability, nor do they necessarily reflect the view of Justia.

Why Is My Information Online?