Jesus Cana-Coronado v. Eric Holder, Jr.
UNPUBLISHED OPINION FILED. [12-60846 Affirmed ] Judge: CDK , Judge: RHB , Judge: SAH Mandate pull date is 01/06/2014 [12-60846]
Date Filed: 11/13/2013
IN THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS
United States Court of Appeals
FOR THE FIFTH CIRCUIT
November 13, 2013
Lyle W. Cayce
JESUS ROBERTO CANA-CORONADO,
ERIC H. HOLDER, JR., U. S. ATTORNEY GENERAL,
Petitions for Review of an Order of the
Board of Immigration Appeals
BIA No. A089 415 741
Before KING, BARKSDALE, and HIGGINSON, Circuit Judges.
Jesus Roberto Cana-Coronado, a native and citizen of Mexico, was ordered
removed on the grounds he had entered this country without applying for
admission and had been convicted of a crime involving moral turpitude, namely
the Texas offense of burglary of a habitation. He petitions for review of both the
dismissal of his appeal to the Board of Immigration Appeals (BIA) and its denial
of his motion for reconsideration.
Pursuant to 5TH CIR. R. 47.5, the court has determined that this opinion should not
be published and is not precedent except under the limited circumstances set forth in 5TH CIR.
Date Filed: 11/13/2013
Cana maintains the BIA applied the incorrect legal standard when it
determined his crime was particularly serious, precluding his eligibility for
withholding of removal. Such legal issues are reviewed de novo, according
deference to the BIA’s interpretation of immigration statutes. Hakim v. Holder,
628 F.3d 151, 153 (5th Cir. 2010).
An alien seeking withholding of removal may not be granted such relief if,
“having been convicted by a final judgment of a particularly serious crime[, the
alien is] a danger to the community of the United States”.
§ 1231(b)(3)(B). The BIA can “find some crimes to be per se particularly serious,
without needing to examine the individual circumstances of the crime”. In re NA-M-, 24 I. & N. Dec. 336, 342 (BIA 2007) (citing Hamama v. INS, 78 F.3d 233
(6th Cir. 1996)). Generally, however, “the nature of the conviction, the type of
sentence imposed, and the circumstances and underlying facts of the conviction”
are considered. Id. Once a court finds an alien committed a particularly serious
crime, the court need not determine whether the alien is a danger to the
community. Id. Also, the length of the sentence is not the most accurate or
salient factor. Id. at 343.
In the instant matter, the BIA referred to the relevant factors as set forth
in N-A-M-. The BIA noted that, under § 30.02(a)(1) of the Texas Penal Code, a
person commits burglary if he “enters a habitation, or a building” with the intent
to commit theft, and it concluded that burglary of a habitation, to which Cana
pleaded guilty, carries an inherent risk of violence. We do not require the BIA
to individually consider each factor before deciding a crime is particularly
See Hakim, 628 F.3d at 154. The BIA applied the correct legal
standard. See id. at 154-55.
Cana also maintains the BIA erred when it refused to consider the
contentions, raised in his motion for reconsideration, that his deferred
adjudication was not a final judgment and that the deferred adjudication
precluded finding he was a danger to the community. The BIA’s denial of a
Date Filed: 11/13/2013
motion for reconsideration is reviewed under a highly-deferential abuse-ofdiscretion standard, and we “will not disturb the BIA’s discretion so long as it is
not capricious, racially invidious, utterly without foundation in the evidence, or
otherwise so irrational that it is arbitrary rather than the result of any
perceptible rational approach”. Chambers v. Mukasey, 520 F.3d 445, 448 (5th
Cir. 2008) (citation and internal quotation marks omitted). “[A] motion to
reconsider based on a legal argument that could have been raised earlier in the
proceedings will be denied”. Omari v. Holder, 562 F.3d 314, 319 (5th Cir. 2009)
(citation and internal quotation marks omitted).
Cana could have raised these contentions in his initial appeal to the BIA.
The BIA’s refusal to reach, on reconsideration, the newly raised legal arguments
was not an abuse of discretion. (To the extent Cana also contends the BIA erred
in refusing to consider his deferred adjudication in its particularly-serious-crime
analysis, the BIA ruled it had considered the nature of the crime and the
individual circumstances of the case. Moreover, as noted, the BIA was not
required to consider each factor before reaching its decision. See Hakim, 628
F.3d at 154.)
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